1845

M13

January 1-12

Wednsday, Jan 1st, 1845

This day have fine weather cruising to the South and West  saw nothing at Noon Lat 45˚ [Long 15’9 ?] at [unclear] [unclear] took in sail + headed to the [unclear] the next morning Rain Wind + fogg at 8 oclock kept off E Remainder of the day, fine weather + a light breeze at –[unclear] at {9 ?] + {unclear] oclock observed the [unclear] distance of the Sun + Moon – Which made our Long in 158˚..5’ West of [Grinwich?  Greenwich?] – Thursday + Friday moderate breeze at [unclear ?] L+L for latitude and longitude?] head to the N + E.  Saturday, the 4th [I Spoke ?] Ship Niantic 7 months out of Sag Harbour – 1000 [unclear blls ?] of oil [unclear] ships [Alert ?] + Lowell in December full + sailed for home. 

Sunday, Jan 5th  The wind strong at East – heading to the N + E in company with the Niantic – Capt Slate on board of [unclear] to Dinner Lat at Noon 35˚- 00’ Long 155˚ -

Monday [fancy swirl under the word] the wind continues at ENE at 12 noon [unclear Noore ?] Ship + headed S-E + E-S-E – Thursday fog and [unclear] [unclear] the same can [Scarey ?] Ice half [mil ?] about 4PM saw Whales  at [ 6?] oclock  to the [Ships?] head N at [7 ½ ?] oclock.  Whales again [closet? Probably close] by shortned sail – Friday while it [yet?] remains very thick and a strong breeze heading S-E at 1 PM  saw Whales again + Lowered Three Boats got nothing – saw whales again at 4 PM lowered two Boats got nothing  Whales [unclear] in [smudge, can’t read it] [sight ?] until [unclear] [unclear] shortened sail Blowing strong Saturday, made moderate sail at Sun Rise Blows a moderate gale + increasing  - at 1PM [unclear] too under clost reefed main TopSail – heading N wind [E ? E]  Lat at noon [smudged] [unclear 47˚ 09’ ?]

Sunday, Jan 12th

The gale has abated a little but continues thick [unclear] rain at [8?] o clock AM made moderate Sail heading  [unclear] + N by W no observation to day.  At 11 oclock PM took in sail.  Blows + rained  at [6? smudged] the wind shifts to N  - Dureing the Night to West + blows heavy

M14

January 13-16

Monday, [crossed out] 13th  Morning clear with a strong Breeze at West of [unclear] Side Kept off to N-E and made sail – We are now bound off of  The Ground [Nobemy ?], been cruising, here since the 25th of December and only [been? seen?] whales one day With any kind of chance to Whale. Lat [by obs ?] at Noon 46˚-18’ Long by Luner [Dist ?] at 2 PM - 15˚-20’ In the afternoon at [6 ½ ?] oclock [unclear]. [Whaler ?] [chart ?] to the Ship all night - - -

Tuesday Morning at Day light Made sail light breeze at [S ? ] N heading [E ? E]. First thing  We saw [unclear] a Whale [unclear] under The Ships bow  lowered three boats – but as [unclear] [unclear] gallied by the Ship.  [Soon ?] saw [unclear] + [down ?] and after them lost sight of them + lowered again about 7 oclock.  Got nothing this time however again about 2 oclock [unclear] + [unclear] a Whale [two ?] hours + [unclear] him [up ?]  Stood on the [unclear] to the N + [unclear] at [unclear] [unclear] took in Sail – Moderate breeze at [unclear]  But looks like approaching bad weather – Lat at 46˚ - 05 Long [unclear] 115˚ 19’ W [squeezed in below unclear words]

Wednsday Jan [15th ?]

[unclear] all Sail all day light [ice ?] in the morning [unclear] a Moderate breeze at N [some sort of symbol] E – but Wind increases too a Moderate gale + some squalls – at 10 AM – down to double reefed [Tobbaile - maybe topsail?]  Which continues untill night Saw no whales to day steered E [?] N at Sunset took in sail  Windy about N Lat at Noon [unclear] 45 [unclear]

Thursday, Jan 16th  [daremy ?] the night the wind shifts to E NE + blows + [unclear] [unclear] moderate a [unclear] in the morning at [9 ?] oclock Am made sail heading NW at [11 ?] oclock increases to a strong gale at N heading W-NW [lying ?] [unclear] under [undlear] reefed main Topsail + fore [spinner ?] Barometer down to 28˚ No [bassation ?] at Noon Thermometer [af ?] to [unclear] to day  [looks like initials maybe in bottom right corner]



M15

June 17-19

Friday Jan. 17th 1845

The wind shifted suddenly from N to West yesterday afternoon about three o clock. – And by 6 o clock had increased to a violent gale. Wit a cross sea from NE + N + lastly from West. Which caused our ship to Labour so badly that we were obliged to luff too + lay under bare [unclear] with all sails furled -previous to which we had only a double reefed main T sail + foresail + fore top {unclear} stay sail set + steering N E by E + E – N d until we were in danger of loosing our Boats- when we hove too under a Tar paulin in the mizen rigging – For myself I scarce ever saw it Blow + rain harder for about {unclear} hours -During the Night it had moderated so that at day light we commenced makeing sail – at ten have single riged Top sails + main sail and jib etc- etc at 8 o clock run over a whale – (nearly) I should say before we saw him but kept on - for we are now anxious to get away from this place. It is up to this hour quite moderate and clear. But strange to tell we have not had any look out to the mast head to day - which is a proof that our captain wants to leave here as soon as the wind will carry us. 5 o’clock PM - the is now at NW our course N - East Lat at noon 45 o 31 o at 2 PM 14 {unclear} 35.

Sunday Jan 19 th

With light variable winds and squalls of rain + finally at SE course N by East Sat at noon by {unclear} - 44 degrees 49 {unclear} During The night say betwixt 12 + 4 o clock some mischievous fellow or fellows took it into their heads to throw the remains of a Porpoise over board. Aand as this was intended for breakfast It was missed early in the morning by the cook + steward – At 7 Bells or 7 oclock I believe Capt Destin came on deck and the steward informed him of the circumstance – He ordered all hands called – When Mr. Lyons the second officer came up he asked him if he knew anything about the Porpoise to which he replied he did not – Saying that it was very dark and rained in his watch – To which Capt D says I could have seen “If God Almighty himself had have come down I would have seen him” He next proceeded to inquire of the whole ship

M16
M17
M18

February 9 [or 6?]

Sunday Feb. 9th 184[5] [Looks like 9 but should be 6] Distant from Pitcairn Island. 25 miles N-by-W Two ships n sight near the island-we have a light breeze from N.N.W heading N-East. by the wind -on Thursday morning last at [5] o’clock in the morning saw Pitcairn Isleand bearing N by-E-Distant 20 miles. While we were steering N-W by-N-with the wind moderate at SE and studing sails out-And expecting to see it ahead. at sunrise—At half past five took in studding sails and luffed up for the Isleand—saw a sail astearn of-us- also steering for the Isleand- When we luffed up for the Land she was a beam of us-at three o’clock. We had the Isleand South of us 10 miles distant-the breeze quite light-during the day. The other ship clost in to the Land with her main Topsail aback. Saw another ship to the windward of the Island. All Thursday night-plying to the windward to get up so as to land early in the morning of Wednesday-clost in-Log two miles-prepared to go on shore at 6 o’clock three canoes came off-In an on one of which came George Adams and in another-Christian-and in an other Quintal all three grand Sons of the Three men of that name-who were of the crew of the Bounty at the time of the Mutiny and subsequently landed at this Isleand-and peopled it-or as you see laid the foundation of its present population-We remained in communication with this people until Saturday afternoon and were received and treated with so much manifestation of a Christian spirit-That we were loath to part The two Ships were the Splendid and John Wells-of [Cold Spring] (?) + [JohLopaboar] [sour] Three hundred bbls. each. [7] months out We received in exchange for cotton cloth + axes + other small trifles-Sweet potatoes + Irish potatoes-bannanas-coconuts-water-

M19

February 7 and 8 [Pitcairn Island]

At Pitcarins Island Feb 7 & 8th 1845

Metons lines xc xc - all of which are very good

The people of this island are a very remarkable

people - They are a religious sober & industrious

class. They know no crime consequently have

no need of Laws but these they have -- a code

I believe drawn up by the old [unclear] John

Adams. But criminal offences are not known

among these people -- There are at this time 128

on the Island Including two white men who

are married and have families. Their wives are

of the natives. None of these natives have ever

been any where except to the Island of Otahite

Where they all [unclear] in 1824 - or 30 -- Not be

ing satisfied with that country they only remained

6 months there and then returned to their old home

where they are unanimously agreed to live and

die - and here to be buried with their [unclear]

Sunday Feb - 16th Fine weather with

a light breeze from [unclear] steering N-N-W at ten

o clock - a-m [unclear] a [unclear] bearing N -- [unclear]

clock P.M. [unclear] [unclear] Panama of [unclear] [unclear] 

8 - months out - [unclear] - [unclear] -- [unclear] [unclear] [unclear] 

The weather has been light and pleasant - [unclear] 

(unclear) - Left Pitcarin Island -- During the last

week.  [unclear] have had the ship [unclear] [unclear] for the free

[unclear] of making out - the [unclear] - but - after

keeping her [unclear] tight forty hours [unclear] 

not filled them all - Lat at Noon 32° 42`

Sunday Feb 23 in the North [unclear] 

The weather since last Sunday has been light

and pleasant with a moderate breeze at the [unclear]

and to day fine and pleasant light breeze at

N [unclear] course since the 16th N by [unclear] to day

N by W ½  [unclear] Lat at Noon by [unclear] 2° 41` North 

Sunday March 2 [unclear] 1845

Fine breeze at last Steering N-W since

Thursday With Strong Trade Winds at N-E

and finally some times as much as [unclear] can 

carry [unclear] reefed topsails to Lat - 16°  [unclear] Long 143°

M20

March 9-[11]

Sunday, March 9th, 1845.  Is moderately fine with a light breeze from East. North  rain in the forenoon. Imployed refitting the fore topmast + top galt [gallant] mast. Saw the Island of Owyhe [Oahu?]  + Maui – or Mowee – to the South and South + West, Distant 20 miles - Since last Sunday, the weather has been pleasant with high winds and calms – Friday morning saw a ship to the Northward – steering Westward – Saturday sent down foretopmast and sent with another, the old one being rotten – Today the ship first seen on Friday is a head of us. Five miles at sun set – we are clost [sic] in to Mowee [Maui] and Nouth  Any [unclear] that be at anchor  - under the South west end at Lahinia [Lahaina] by ten o’clock tomorrow forenoon.

All hands are in first rate health and Danielson is yet in Irons and kept under the cabbin stairs all through the night and during meal times – Distant at six o’clock at P.M. from the North East port of Mowee [Maui] – ten miles [symbol – 10 degrees?] at ten at night hove too and [unclear] by 5 O’clock the next morning

Monday morning – Kept off  - the North a light breeze from the eastward and north squalls of rain. Stood in to [unclear] Bay with a ship 8 miles ahead of us steering [North-eastward]  The breeze freshing and at about 2 o’clock saw the shipping at anchor at Lahinia [Lahaina] and at half past three came to anchor in the midst of 21 other ships and found that the ship we had seen the three days past was the Nantasket of New London – Capt Parker Smith 21 months out with 250 bbls [barrels] of oil just from the Coast of Chile and bound from hence to the NW – She anchored one hour before us – we also found the Dromo (600) Ben Morgan  (2100) North America 150 Isaac Hicks 200 and 5 months out – by this last ship I had the pleasure to receive 3 letters one from my wife – one from my brother Giles – one from William Anderson [unclear].

Tuesday – came in five ships – lastly one Panama. Sabina Caledonia Albion Amethist - Bailing one north on shore [this last phrase very unclear with strike throughs]

[The numbers following the ship names are sometimes in superscript, sometimes adjacent to the names. They may refer to the number of barrels of oil aboard each.]

M21
M22

March 18-21

Tuesday, March 18th 1845

Hazy light this morning The gale continued to increase gradually Several ships have dragged and some have fouled the ship Calamut ─ has lost jib boom ─ The Nantasket fore topsail yard & four or five have gone to sea. The Isaac [unclear] has dragged about two miles and this morning at 7 o clock got under weigh and ran out to the Northward of the Islands. Most all of the thirty Ships have started their anchors - - we have sent down our Royal mast &  T galnt yards aft. 8 o clock our chains being buoyed & ready we slip & run to sea- after cruising about betwixt and Raini and Maloki  untill near-Night we up helm and run out to the Northward of Mowe and Several Ships sailed in company ─ Saw but few Ships  laying at the anchorage at Sunset that night blows very hard Lay to under clost reefed main Topsail & fore Spencer clost under the North side of Mowee.

Wednesday 19th continues

Blowing strong  ─ twenty Ships in sight Danielson. [unclear - Abos? Crew member?] sent on shore on Monday at Lahinia to the Counsils and returned on board at Night and locked up under the cabbin stairs where he is kept night and day and only allowed bread and water. The wind shifted suddenly to NW.

Thursday 20th

Moderates & we make sail ─ near the east end of Mowee 25 Ships in sight  ─  bend a jib in place one [Mast lost-unclear] night Wind backs to WSW. 

Friday 21

Fine pleasant with a light breeze at about North. Steering along the north side of the island – 20 Sail in sight  ─ at Sun Set we are just about where we were on Mond morning so ends and all are well.

M23
M24

March 24

Wednsday  March 26th.  1845 

Fine weather - By day light in the morning we were down to Diamond Head - at 8 o clock. Capt Destin goes on shore at Honolulu to get an anchor - for the Ship - He purchases one of Brewer & Co - of about 1700 cwt for which he had to pay - from twelve to thirteen cts. per lb.  At twelve o clock at noon we get it on board — at 2 o clock I witness the funeral ceremony of Rafael - the Ambasador to the United States from the Goverment of the Sandwich Islands - who died on his way home from the States fifteen days after leaving Boston In the Ship Montreal In company with Ayr Richards - The Funeral was - Attended by an immense concourse of People of all grades at about 3 o clock the Prosechion began to move from the Fort - The corpse was preceded bythe Soldery of Honolulo Headed by the Band of Blacks. -who played the [Marsolles] Hymn - then came the Marine Core from H. B. M. Ship Talbot Next was the corpse -  Then the Moarness family connection & - Then the Native Citizens mingling with the Foreighn Residents. -  Then the King - Royal Family the officers of the Goverment - Officers of the Ship Talbot - Seamen of [ ? ] ...  The King walked with Her Brittanic Majjesties Counsel — M. Willie and the Queen with another White Gentleman The prosechion was followed by the Ladies in a long train — I should think that the whole was near an half mile in length -  It was a very imposeing sight to behold - One to which called forth many a Solemn Reflection particularly in defference to the people who were [ ? ] edently in heathen degradation— All business was Suspended in the afternoon - dureing the funeral.  The corpse was taken to the Native Church -  Where there was Prayers & Singing whether there was a Sermon or not I cannot say. The ceremony was closed by the discharge of artilery on the Fort.  At about Sun Set we returned on board - and Steered for Attor 

M25

Marcg 27-29

 Thursday  March 27th  1845     

Steered from Owahu S-W  6 hours with a light breeze - 4 Knots — then W-by N till 4am when we were off the South Side of Attor Distant 20 miles  [?] the Ship Huntsville Of Cold Spring.  Capt Howe 5 months out— [?] oble of oil - Capt come on board- of - the Merrimac his old Ship on a previous voyage - Lay off & ok dureing the Night with light breeze from the S-W

            Friday  March 28th   At 7 o clock— Started for - the shore with one Boat being at the time 15 miles off - with a light air of - wind -  Got on Shore - about 9 o clock in company with Capt Fordham of the Ship Sple did [ Splendid ] of Cold Spring & Capt Howe of Huntsville of - [  ?  ]  with three boats - We found that we could not get what we wanted at that place -  Remained but a short time Started for another town called Papa[pic ?] 7 mile farther to the westward - Arrived there about one o clock PM — soon obtained a boat load of Pigs - for about about half-past two o clock She being full - 15 miles off - & it did calm - Got on board - about 5 o clock PM - In company with Capt Steel of Ship Dromo [?] - who had also been on Shore where we first landed and could get nothing— The weather light & pleassant kept on to the westward -  Capt Steel.  Remained to try again the next day Steering betwixt Attor & Owahu at day light on

               Saturday  March 29th     At day

Light in the morning  Were abreast of the east end Owahu - Course West - saw the Splendid and Huntsville astern -at 6 o clock- the PM. the Huntsville passed across our bows - Steering W by N and the Splendid off our larboard quarter 15 miles distant - The wind moderate at N-E    Sailing at the rate of 5 miles per hour - course W half S. - the land out of Light

M26

March 30-April 5

Sunday, March 30th 1845

Fine pleasant weather with a steady light breeze from N-E – course – W [unclear] L [?]. The Ship Huntsville ahead 12 miles – 4 [unclear] Spoke [?] the Splendid – and had a “gain”

Monday, March 31st continues fine weather – The Huntsville not in sight

course W. ½ [?] S [?] wind N-E [?] - - - Bent a fore top-sail + none mark top [?] [unclear] sail.

Tuesday, April 1st 1845

Fine weather with a steady 7 [k]not breeze at N-E – course W ¾ [unclear] - - “Gained” with the Splendid in the afternoon

Wednesday, April 2nd

Fine weather with a steady 8 [k]not breeze at N – course – W – The Splendid. 10 miles astern

Thursday, April 3 – Re[unclear] –

Good weather with a strong breeze at N N-E course W N-W – To-day [unclear] w/o chair [?] cutting pendants [?] – 

Friday, April 4th

Fine weather with a moderately good breeze at East [?] N-E at 2 o’clock. [unclear] saw a sail to the South + west – at 4 o’clock spoke[?] her. The Huntsville “gained” untill 8 o’clock – Steering W.N.W. + the Steering N-N-W -- -- The Splendid 6 miles astern – at 4 o’clock and at 8 when we kept off to N.W. by [unclear] she was [unclear] with us.

Lat. 26 – Long 179°50’ [?]

Saturday, April 5th

Fine weather with a pleasant breeze at S-E[?] course WNW – the Huntsville 5 miles ahead + gaining upon us [?] – The Splendid out of sight in the afternoon “Gained” with the Huntsville crossing the opposite meridian to day and being in East Longitude again we reckon This Sunday – loosing[?] one day by going westward – Long to day. East.



M27

April 6-April 12

Monday 6th of April 1845

The forenoon – Steady breeze – A [unclear] steering N W – in company with the ship Huntsbelle [See note belowIn the afternoon wind shifts [unclear] to [unclear]  - N + [unclear]  - through the day [unclear] Sudden shifts of wind – Lot about [unclear]

Tuesday April 7th

This day strong winds and rain with The [unclear]  at N South and – cold – N shift In light steering or N w Wednesday April 8th This day  [unclear]  + cold [unclear]  - the ship Under double [unclear]  top sails –

Thursday April 9th

This day quite moderate with a moderate Breeze at last – steering [unclear]  NW + [unclear]  by last   At sunset took in sail – being on the Whale ground – the weather for two days Past has been foggy

Friday April 10th

At days light in the morning made sail Heading N by last – wind last - + light With thick fogg at the times Saw a ship A stearn heading to the northward + one To the north + west the afternoon [unclear] At sun set took in sail

Saturday, April 11th

This day at dawn light made sail with a moderate Breeze at W N W steered to the North [unclear]  till Noon Spoke ship [Huntsville] – steering to the southward ___Sound + steeped W by N with a strong breeze Capt. Howe come on board + stayed until 4 PM –Sat at noon 35o [unclear]  N

Sunday, April 12th

Last night ship under double [unclear]  to top sails Steering to the Westward – this morning made All sail steering W – wind N – S saw the [unclear] [unclear] to the Southward – Weather clear + pleasant

Note: 523-ton Ship Huntsville was out of Cold Spring, Mass. Should have been NY and Capt. Howe as master and John H. Jones, who was out of Cold Spring NY as managing owner. See Starbuck, Alexander, History of the American Whale Fishery, From its Earliest Inception to the Year 1876, Pages 416,  In 1847 it was listed as being out of Cold Spring, NY with Capt. Smith and John H. Jones as owner, Page 448

“The Long Islander (Huntington) newspaper January 16, 1846 stated, a letter was received from the captain of the France of Sag Harbor, who was in Honolulu on Sept. 22, 1845. The captain said, the Huntsville had been at port in August with 900 barrels of oil, and the Richmond was at Maui with 3,800 barrels. Both whalers were owned by the Cold Spring Whaling Company, ” Brewster-walker, Gone Whaling: Long Island Seamen of Color, p. 27.

M28

April 13-17

Monday, April  13th

To-day we have fine clear weather and a light breeze at L. steered SW x SW -Saw a few fin Backs. Lat at Noon 35º N Long 174º E

Tuesday, April 14th

The forenoon Rain + fogg with a moderate breeze at S x SW Steering W x WNW Saw a ship to the Southward Steering Westward, The afternoon clear with light breeze. Towards night foggy carrying No Sail to night. with the wind at SW. Steering W-S-W.

Wednesday April 15th

Strong breeze from West x N.W Steered to the Northward by the wind at ten tacked to the South + West- at 11 AM [unclear] Ship Louvre Capt Green of New London. 8½  months = out [500 unclear] night. By the Louvre I received package from my Olive- Lat at Noon 37º-65. The afternoon quite a light breeze at night finally from the N-W by the wind withStarboard tacks]aboard.- put up the Stove in the cabin to day.

Thursday April 16th

[Unclear] moderately fine no fogg at times strong gusts of wind Carrying top gallant Sail most of the day. In the afternoon gained with the Louvre- Saw plenty of Finbacks and Streaks of Red Whale feed. W N + N-W  Steering by the wind with Starboard tack down.

Friday, April 17th
This day moderately good weather-With a good strong whole sail breeze from N=E - steered WN-In company with the Louvre. In the morning-About 5 miles off -on our Larboard [unclear] at night. She is fifteen miles off-astern at Noon saw another sail 3 pts off the lee Gr steering after us + gaining supposed to be the Huntsville-at sun set fifteen miles off at Sun set saw Right Whales took in sail.

M29

April 18-24

Saturday April 18th 184[5]

Had been blowing a gale.  Ship under light sail heading Eastward.  Two ships to the nor[th]ward.  Came down. [Unclear] It was the [Johntstiller].  Saw a whale this morn[unclear] - A Pig died by eating beans to day.

The gale on Sunday April 19th 

[unclear] trimed unabated as yesterday.  Saw nothing but two ships and lone Whale feed [unclear]

 Monday April 20th continued with a gale from N [uncear] saw one Sail to leward. 

Tuesday April 21st

The gale continues without abating in the least. No ships in sight to day. Heading to the Eastward since yesterday.

Wednsday April 22nd 

The gale has broke and we have fine Weather.  With a light breeze from S. E. Steering on the wind NNW. To N.W. in the fore noon I saw a ship to the southward steering to the Eastward.  In the afternoon Saw a ship to the Northward – By our Reckoning to day we are 60 miles to the Southward and Westward of where we were on Friday night when the Gale commenced and where we saw the Whales.

Thursday April 23rd 

Fine weather and a fine breeze from the South and S.W.  Steered NNW x NW.  In the afternoon saw a dead Whale in a state of decomposition supposed to have been dead two or three weeks.  Carried moderate sail last night. Lat at noon [unclear] 40°N

Friday – strong breeze from S.W.  Steering N.W.  Saw a number of Humbacks.  Weather [unclear] hazey at night I shot [unclear]   Lat at noon to day [unclear] 48° N.

M30

April 25-May 1

Saturday April 25th 1845

Lay by last night under easy short sail with the wind strong with rain from the South and mist this morning.  Moderates at half past 6 o clock. Made sail at 7 O clock with the wind at WN[r]. Steered N.  Saw a sail to the Eastward steer ing to the Northward.  Saw several hump backs at 5 O clock in the afternoon off the Ship India Capt Miller of N London 81/2 months out with 300 blls. of oil.  Kept company through the night and.

Sunday April 27th

Fine weather saw a number of Hump Backs and gamed with the India all day with a whole sail breeze at SW steered NW + NNW. The India rather out sail the Merrimac.  At night parted. Lat at noon 42°12’.

Monday April 28th

Light air + calme.  Lowered our boats for a Hump Back. Saw a ship to the South x[unclear] supposed the India.  The weather thick could not see over two miles ------- At night a light breeze steering NNW saw a Ship Boiling.

Tuesday April 29

Thick haze + rain.  Cruised Eastward [unclear] W Westward saw a carcas resently cut. In the afternoon lowered three boats for fin back. Thick fogg.  Cleared up at one o clock Md Sail. Set in thick again at 4 o clock. At 6 shortened sail heading W by N. Breeze light.

Wednesday April 30

At day light made sail heading NNW the wind strong with fogg + rain from about S at 9 AM.  Stood to the eastward.  Another  rain at ten took in sail saw some humo Backs.

Thursday May 1st 1845

The wind NE + cold by ten.  Saw whales     [unclear]  at noon 4 [unclear]

M31

May 1-5

 Thursday May 1st 184[unclear]

The wind shifted at [9 ?] o clock last [unclear] A to day is a moderate gale. [unclear]

Saw some Right Whales this forenoon Lat at Noon by obs 45  01     Long at 2 PM. 162 43 East

                        Friday May. 2nd

To day we have a very heavy gale north rain snow & hail from N E at 61/2 AM clost reefed. The main top sail - at  [9 ?] furle [unclear] [unclear] lay all day under fore & main [unclear]

                         Saturday May 3

Last night the gale abated. This morning made sail. Saw several hump backs [unclear]

Saw a ship to the Eastward – at 2 PM Spoke Ship Houqua – N-Bedford at [unclear] – let Double Reef top sails heading N with good weather – moderate breeze at E N-E- & clear-

                          Sunday May 4th

Moderate weather with a strong breeze at ENE saw a Brig steering NW supposed to be a

[unclear] bound to St Peters & St Pauls on [unclear] –In the afternoon saw [unclear]

[unclear] Right Whales – got fast to two-got one Boat stove and cut from the Whale at

sun down- the weather cold –and the men suffered much – by being in the water Saw a Barque to the Westward Whaling      Lat at Noon by obs 44 20

                          Monday May 5th

To day a strong breeze and rugged Saw one Ship And a plenty of Whales lowered six times got fast to one whale and the irons [unclear]- at 6 o clock foggy took in sail. cruised to day to the North and to the [unclear]. & - E. Whales Wild and hard to get hold of- Bad [unclear] so ends    

M32
M33

May 9

Friday May 9th Continued

Iron did not touch the whale but [corner of page covering text] lance went the whole length into the [corner of page covering text] in a place to kill him --  As soon as [corner of page covering text] I could – get [?] to him – again – I got the Iron in – and another lance. By this time the Capt. of the Black Hearted Wretch was within a boat length of me and menacing me with his Lance elevated – Threatening me with instant Death – If I did not cut my line and go back to the Ship – “God dam You to Hell and much more that I need not mention” I had no knife n the head of my boat – for he had had it taken out to use in the blub-ber room – and never replaced it – He deem-ing I did not cut.  Also threatened to dart [his] Lance though Lauriat If he did not cut the Line -I then pulled to the Ship – and before I got there – the whale was dead –

The Capt came on board – and asked me if I did not hear him tell me not to fasten to the whale – I answered that I did not and did not think any one in the boat heared him – give any such orders. He then asked Lauriat If he did not hear him tell him not to dart his harpoon – Who answered that he did not – Capt Disten then said to him You Lie – You damned Son of a bitch xc xc

Upon my saying a – a few words about his cursing me without a cause and threatening to dart his Lance through me – He again raised a large weapon and threatened to beat my brains out – If I did not stop talking- and ordered me below – saying I should not do any more duty on board of the Ship – and he would put me in Irons – worth a furious drain of train of other bitter and abusive Language – His order to go be – low – I amediately obeyed  - Me to Saturday night I have done no duty- mor have I been requested too.  At half past [?] got the Whale along side and the flume chain on him – took in Sail [ La Linda ]

M34

May 10-13

Saturday May 10th 1845

This morning on awakening the ship - lost the whale from along side.  With two chains a small one bent on to the large one to lengthen It.  The whale having drifted on the wrong side of the Ship - in the night Strong breeze with fogg and rain from South cooled down in the morning – commenced to boil again at 2 o clock P-M – Saw whale to day – quite rugged – at night moderate.

Lat 46 ◦[unclear]

Long 162◦[unclear]

Sunday May 11th Saw a number of whale.  In fact-they were quite plenty.  our boats were down several times and struck three or four – one ran around with the craft & he hove(?) to cut  The others drew their [unclear] Saw one Ship to the westward also a whaleing   The wind light from the westward - and [unclear] clear the most of the day.  I am get off-duty – of course do No whaleing – only [unclear] on silently   Capt D has not spoken a word to me since the jar on Friday – - - Beside myself there are four others off-duty – by illness - I am content with these easy times - - - 

Monday the 12th Early this morning lowered for a whale [unclear] to the ship.  did not get him – breeze strong and very cold from North with a little snow - fell in with the Whale - We lost on Saturday last.got fast to him and took in all sail – and lay by him  - stowed down [blotted] 120 lbs of oil.  Saw one Ship nothing [unclear]. Get about going to work. 

Tuesday the 13th – finished stowing down 140 lbs of oil including what was stowed yesterday – [Unclear] & cleaned the head of bone on deck --Hauled

M35

May 13-14

Thursday, May 13

Hauled whale along side and cut off his flukes and got the chain and let him go-  Saw one ship to the south east- This morning Captain ?D broached the subject by asking me if I wanted to go to work again. I said I had no objections if he wished me to do so. He replied that he had no wish either way. I might do as I please – and intimated that if I did not go to work I should lose the season. After talking over the affair he said he would work. Almighty mad at the time- or he should not have said what he did. I then -told him I should go to my duty and did so ????? at 8:00 AM. At one o’clock -made sail -steering to the southward – saw a barque to the south east -Steering northward going WSW - the clear weather - at 4 o’clock stood to the northward saw some Hump Backs at sunset shortened sail-

Wednesday, May 14

middling good weather steered W-N-W the wind S-W- at 8:00 AM lowered for a whale – going quick- gave him ????-at 3 PM saw three large whales feeding-lowered three boats- in 20 minutes. I -struck-one-distant from the ship a half mile-  in five minutes shut in a thick fog. – Last sight of the ship-the whale took one trip of ?? and I -Cut-could not see 2° ??  -Saw no boats -boat half full of water - pulled in the direction -of the SHIP-Saw- the other boats -saw them- and pulled for the- ship blowing our ?? Horns- they heard us-and we passed the ship to Windward end the captain lowered and came to us -so we are- safe on board

M36

May 27-31

Tuesday May 27th 1845

Clear moderate weather at day light in the morning made sail commened [sic] foggy at -6 - o clock 

In the [whale stamp] afternoon clears up a little - lowered for Black fish Mr [?] Holt struck a Whale + lost his line again with two irons + spade - Saw a Ship heading to the N + S -- most calm shortened sail at 6 - PM -

Wednesday May 28th The forenoon strong breeze with squalls of snow - from N-W at 9 o clock - AM spoke Ship -Franklin of N- Bedford - one Whale - this season - Stood to the S + W - at one oclock - Wore and stood to the N + S - at 3 P-M saw Whales and lowered - Boats came on board at 4 o clock shortened sail - John Harris sick with the Plurecy [sic] -- This day killed  - Old Jack the Hogg [sic] gotten at Fogo - supposed to weigh 250 lbs 

Thursday May 29th

In the morning very good weather made all sail at 4 - o clock . with a light breeze at SW at 6/o clock - Steered - Cast by S at 9 o clock . Saw Whales - Chased 2 hours - gallied them - Boats came on board at - 11 - o clock - The afternoon Strong breeze - with rain -and - fogg [sic] - Shortened sail at one o clock - towards night quite moderate + [?] lights up - Night light weather --

Friday May 30th light air and - calm - Saw one Whale chased three miles - come in foggy - gave him up -

Shortened sail at 5 o clock - calm + foggs [sic] night continues calm + foggy

Saturday May 31st 

In the morning calm and foggy At 6 o clock - clears off a little [whale stamp] made sail - with a light air from W.

At 9 o clock Lowered three Boats for Whales 4 miles of [sic] - chased untill [sic] 11 o clock .. Struck (capt D ) got capsized - lost his line -cursed + swore tremendously - the whale went off +c +c  [etc]

So - End - this day

M37

June 1-7

Sunday, June 1st 1845

Last night comed raining and blowing storms from S -E – continued untill – afternoon wind shifts to – S-W- Lay too all day with starboard tacks aboard. - afternoon foggy - - no rain.

Monday June 2nd 

Strong breeze – at NW with fogg and rain – the forenoon at 11 oclock. Saw a whale . - & - struck Him. – Got – him along side about – 12 – o clocke – Commencd – cutting about – 1 - quite rugged –Did not – finish  until 8 in the evening. Lost One [Lip] – (Starboard Boat One Whale)

[*WHALE STAMP*]Tuesday June 2nd

Commenced boiling at – 6 AM weather moderate and – wind light in  - the forenoon. In

the afternoon – Snows – Saw no whale – [and?] with thick weather – At – night blows strong.

Wednesday – June – 4th 

Clear – weather – with strong – breeze from SW Saw No – Whales - - At night thick fogg with

A light breeze from SE + some rain.

Thursday June 5th – 

To day had light breeze – from WSW steered N-W & N saw no whale but Fin Backs

The forenoon thick – Afternoon clear . – Finished boiling at – 7 – AM – [slowed down] – 

One. Hundred – barrels – 100 [unclear]

Friday, June 6th

 The forenoon. light air. & calm. Saw. one whale. The. afternoon strong breeze – and thick

fogg. Wine from. NW Steered WSW Shortened sail at – sunset – about 8 Oclock . - - 

Saturday – June 7th

Made sale at-half-past- 5-O clock – steering SW with fine pleasant weather at – 8 O’clock AM saw a whale – going quick – at 11-O-clock lowered - - [missed him?] at 12 lowered again.

M38

June 17-22

Tuesday June 17th Fogg until 11 o clock A M Saw two whales near the ship. Afternoon clear. Saw several whales.. lowered near 6 o clock. Larboard [?] Boat when ton to one large Whale & misfired – breeze very light from SSW.

Wednesday June 18th Clear with a light breeze from S-E. Saw plenty of Whale got -fast to five to day. Killed two. Sunk one & Sabed one. large one – The Larboard gr Boats – Stowed down 100 lbs to day.

Thursday June 19th Clear fine weather. plenty of Whales all around us to day. Tried several times to get hold of them – cat-in the one taken yesterday – I continue boiling – breese moderate & light from ENE.

Friday June 20th Set in thick fogg last night at [?] o clock. Saw but few Whales to day. clear. Last of the day – saw two ships – one boiling – But little wind – most of the time calm.

Saturday June 21st  clear with a moderate breeze with some rain in [?] Saw three ships – one boiling – [?] Barque. Rose of Halifax 21 months 2000 lbs 1400 Sperm. Saw But few Whales but a plenty of Fin Backs Stowed down 100 & ten lbs [ ] Night strong breeze from SSE heading SW

Sunday June 22nd Died At half past 2 oclos this morning Thomas Gates Died of the Dropez on the brain. He was taken down a week ago yesterday – He has been sick most of the time since leaving N-London- I have before wrote that he was not expected to live from one day to another -.- Part of the day foggy – [?] the Rose again to day Lowered for aw Whale int eh forenoon – come in foggy In the afternoon got a small whale

M39

June 22 continued-27

At – 3 o clock – buried Thomas Gates – I Read the Burieal – Service from the Seamans Hymn Book – Two of our Boats were away at the time of the Burial – Laying by a Whale – But Cap Destin could not wait - - - Got the Whale along side + cut in by 9 [?] o clock – P M  - - -  

Monday June 23d

The forenoon calm Saw few whales – chased one in the afternoon light breeze from the Eastward Saw two whales + chased them – could not get hold of them – 

Tuesday June 24th

Last night Rained + blowd Strong from E N E headed to the S + E. To day stowed down 150 lbs [unclear] the Rose again -- + the capt came on board of us. blows a good breeze [unclear] the Westward – Saw No Whales – Nor made any Sail – Picked up a [unclear] Boat to day [unclear] used to be a french [?] [unclear]

Wednesday June 25th

Strong breeze from N-W Steered East Saw nothing but fin Backs - - untill two o clock P-M When we were in the midst of Whale in great plenty. Lowered + chased – very rug ged [?] – could not get up to any – Finished Boiling at one o clock P-M – Shortened Sail at – 5 P-M blows strong – plenty of whales around us - – Saw the Barque Rose this morning to the Eastward of us – 

Thursday June 26th

Strong breeze + squalls of fogg [?] from the Northward & - - E. cruised to the N & W & S [?] & E [?] Saw two whales in the morning - - 

Friday June 27th

Strong breeze + a heavy swell [?] from the Northward made Sail at – 4 o clock A-M – Some fogg – took in Sail at – 8 o clock - - Made Sail again at 11 o clock . worked [?]  to the Eastward Saw whales at 6 o clock going to the Eastward - - Northward [?] quick – [unclear] double [unclear]. Top sails & fore sail. at Night. Not much fogg. Wind light

M40

June 28-July 4

SaturdayJune 28th

Moderate breeze from N with [unclear] of thick fogg. Saw whales. Took one very large one Mr. Holt got his boat [unclear] all to [unclear] and lost his line. - The Bow Boat -got the whale. Afternoon some rain. - - Saw a ship to day

Sunday June 29th

All day cutting the whale, which was very large + fat; light breeze. Not very thicke saw several whales + lowered for them about 4 o clock -P-M. Breeze light at N

Monday June 30th fine weather

With a light breeze. lowered at -6 M. and and - took a large whale_. And cut In-in the afternoon.

TuesdayJuly 1st 1845

This day light breeze from the westward- and Thick + hazey.- See no whales this day

Wednsday July 2nd

Light breeze from the South +S.east with Rain Stowed down 140 [unclear unit abbreviation] in the forehold- saw a whale-Breaching- sign of a Blow

Thursday July 3--

Commenced Blowing +Raming heavy At 10 o clock -A-M-. Cooled down at P-M saw- two whales- going to the Northward Wind [SSE?] heading -East  [unclear] night. Much through it all-

FridayJuly the 4th

The forenoon quite moderate with fogg. Boiling  +Stowing down. Afternoon ·Rain·in heavy, showers. Cooled down the [works?] at 3 PM- At 6 o clock. [moderates?] started the fire again At night some Rain + strong breeze from N-W.+ W. towards morning [N+R?]. Blows strong + foggy - saw NO whales yesterday

M41

July 5-July 10

Saturday July 5th 1845

The forenoon- Blows strong from the N x- S- Ship heading fast- finished boiling at noon. About 300. llbs. this fore. - - Afternoon Moderates. At - dun set- clear. Wind N- W S- light. Ship heading- N-N-S. At 1 o clock [unknown symbol] commenced- strong breeze continues all Night-- heading to the N x S.

Sunday July 6th

In the morning thick fogg + strong breeze at - N- W. Moderates at 8 [unknown symbol] 2 [ars- deared?] Whales. Lowered but- got nothing. Lowered- five times through the day. [unclear word] [duehey?]. [Hauled?] down 100 llbs of oil and chocked of the main hatch way quite moderate through the day north [dome?] fogg-

Monday July 7th

Saw two whales. Ship [unknown?] but got Nothing   Saw a ship to the Northward [unknown?] to the westward most of the day With a light (tol?) (salt? or jalt?) breeze from N with much fogg--  At night most calm head to the N + W

Tuesday July 8th

Wind S-S x E. With thick fogg + rain [ste (rest of word cut off)] erred Westward. Saw two whales [strude (rest of word cut off)] + killed one. Came on foggy. Had to cut + lost him- heading Westward with a fresh breeze from 2-[unknown symbol] Short sail at 6- [unknown letter]- M-

Wednesday July 9th

Calm + foggy. Saw two Whales. Lowered x Chased-- going quick- saw them only twice Saw - plenty of [unknown] Back 2? - - - -

Thursday July 10th

Saw- two (ships?) (shame?) the ship. (Walts?of N-L J months out- 5 whales- saw her take a Blasted Whale along side. By (word cut off) I received a letter from - Sister (Hazer?weather). foggy. most of the days- light breeze- steered to the Westward. 



M42

July 11-15

Friday July 11th 1845

Foggy all day made sail at 8 A.M. & steered W. by South two hours.—Log [uncertain] with the main top sail aback untill [sic] 4 P.M. –Shortened sail—breeze very light from E-S-E. Saw nothing. Continues.  thick fogg [sic] all night.

Saturday July 12th

Light breeze from W.S.W. – Made sail at 10-c clock A.M. –Thick fogg [sic] –Saw several fin Backs –cruised to the N & W [uncertain] – Shortened sail at 7 o clock P.M. – With a light breeze at SW heading W-N-W continues thick through the Night.

Sunday July 13th

The morning foggy. Made sail at 9 A.M. Steered to the N.S.W. at -10-A.M. Crept [uncertain] off to -- East with a steady breeze at S-W- Saw nothing but Fin Backs. – Shortened sail at -7 P.M. Got an obs.at Noon the first time for -8 days. Lat 47-84 ^N [Longtitude aligned directly under Latitude in log] Long. 159-50 ^S the water quite green

Monday July 14th

Strong breeze from SSW through the Night and heavy fogg [sic].-Continues to dog [unclear] until noon. Made no sail – until [sic] 4 P.M. wind hauls to W-S-W- & clears up for an hour. [Unclear word] sail & steered E-N-E—Green water - & saw some Fin Backs at 6 o clock. Heavy fogg  [sic] Shortened sail at 7 o clock. Heading NW by N [or W?] moderate breeze. In the night wind shifts to N-W - -.

Tuesday July 15th

In the forenoon the wind is from N. and strong breeze. Steered E-N-E—saw several fin backs. Afternoon at 4 o clock tacked to the Westward  at 1 got into blue  [water. At 7 got into green again. Weather clear part of the day—At Night headed E-N-E. breeze quite light after 8 o clock—

Lat 47° 15’ [or N, unclear]. Long 160°-15’ [or W, unclear]

M43
M44

June 28-July 4

SaturdayJune 28th

Moderate breeze from N with [unclear] of thick fogg. Saw whales. Took one very large one Mr. Holt got his boat [unclear] all to [unclear] and lost his line. - The Bow Boat -got the whale. Afternoon some rain. - - Saw a ship to day

Sunday June 29th

All day cutting the whale, which was very large + fat; light breeze. Not very thicke saw several whales + lowered for them about 4 o clock -P-M. Breeze light at N

Monday June 30th fine weather With a light breeze. lowered at -6 M. and and - took a large whale_. And cut In-in the afternoon.

TuesdayJuly 1st 1845

This day light breeze from the westward- and Thick + hazey.- See no whales this day

Wednsday July 2nd

Light breeze from the South +S.east with Rain Stowed down 140 [unclear unit abbreviation] in the forehold- saw a whale-Breaching- sign of a Blow

Thursday July 3--

Commenced Blowing +Raming heavy At 10 o clock -A-M-. Cooled down at P-M saw- two whales- going to the Northward Wind [SSE?] heading -East  [unclear] night. Much through it all-

FridayJuly the 4th

The forenoon quite moderate with fogg. Boiling  +Stowing down. Afternoon ·Rain·in heavy, showers. Cooled down the [works?] at 3 PM- At 6 o clock. [moderates?] started the fire again At night some Rain + strong breeze from N-W.+ W. towards morning [N+R?]. Blows strong + foggy - saw NO whales yesterday

M45

July 26-30

Saturday July 26th 1845

After searching the [unclear] time and learning of him that there was no Whale in shore we made sail x headed to the L x Z ---- To day thick fogg- and a moderate Breeze from South. At 11 o’clock AM [unclear] shift. I often did of cold offering [unclear] with 6 Whales. Headed in shore – “gamed with her untill 4 PM - - and 2 toad on to the L + L or L-L-L. At 7 PM shortened sail- fogg thick

Sunday July 27th

Moderate breeze at S-S-W and thick fogg untill 2 AM clears off - - made sail heading L-L saw many fin Backs touched headed west at 1 AM. Let in shortened sail – Night very clear commenced to Blow strong from L – W. 

Monday July 28th

Lay too all day. heading one N – W with a Strong gale from L-W-x clear. Saw two [unclear] heading to the South + 2 [unclear] [unclear] Sails – At – 1 am. Let moderates continue In through the Night.

Tuesday July 29th 

In the forenoon have a moderate breeze from S—W [unclear] to the W + N at ten o’clock [unclear] Shift x headed to the L+-L Saw a shift to the S steering to the L+xS. Afternoon Strong breeze – and thick fogg – Some Rain [unclear] sail at – 7 PM. – At night Blows a gale.

Wednesday July 30th

In the morning blows a strong gale from L-W with thick fogg. Made sail at 10  O’clock AM. Moderates gradually – After Noon. Quite moderate but foggy. At 2 am Let calm – and lights 2 [unclear]. Saw nothing Carry sail to night with and no wind    (crossed out “let afternoon sails, log [unclear] [unclear])

M46

July 31-August 4

Thursday July 31 – 1845

To day a moderate breeze from SW with spells of clear weath for two or three hours. Saw a Barque heading to the N + W - In the afternoon tacked to the N & W at – 7 ½ PM shortened sail.. continued fogg through the Night --. Lat at – Noon 50* - 54 Long 160* - 30*

Friday August 1st 1845

Made sail at 6 AM heading west with a light breeze at SSW – fogg through the day. In the afternoon comed a strong breeze at – SSE + rains - - Shortened sail at 5 PM. Saw Hump Backs – [AT?] night Blows Strong + continues to rain.

Saturday Aug 2nd

The forenoon Blows Strong with much rain from SSW – The Afternoon at 2 – O clock lights up – very little . Made sail heading W by S – rains . and bows & foggY until’ night. Shortened sail at – 8. PM +

Sunday Aug 3

The forenoon is fogg + some rain. with a strong breeze At SSW. Afternoon clears off – made sail at half past one. Wind shifts to SW. Steered WNW. Shortened sail at sunset + headed S-S-E. Night quite moderate + clear.  - -- -- 

Monday Aug 4th

[Had?] a steady whole sale breeze at . W-S-W Steered N-W Saw Several Hump Backs. + fin Backs . At . 9 AM saw the Land the coast of – Asia – near – [Kamskatka] + steered for the Land until sun set – saw – 6 ships – in shore. The sun sets clear + Beautifull. The Land Mountainous. + covered with snow. At  - night carried all sail + steered in [shore] Until one o clock – come in thick fogg  - - and we headed off shore - - 

M47

August 5-10

Tuesday Aug 5th 1845

The morning light breeze from N-S + Thicke fogg. - At ten o clock clears off. Partially saw the Land. + four ships steered for the Land - At night distant from the Land 15 miles headed of shore - north but a light breeze + calms

Wednsday aug 6th

In the forenoon clost in north the shore - within three miles - clear by [spells?] with a light breeze a [unclear] [Run?] the Land along. At 2 P.M. Entered the mouth of the Bay of [Awatska?] and at 5 o clock anchored in the [Roads?] of Petropolaska The Ship Josephene of Sag harbour - 2700 [Gallon?] of Warren 1800   30 months out - Julius Caesar [N-L?] 1100  12 mo - + four french Whalers and - merchant Ship   Montreal - of Boston were Laying at anchor.

Thursday - aug 7th

In the forenoon had quite a blow from the N+E let go the second anchor - much Rain --- The afternoon moderate + pleasant -

Friday aug 8th

This day fine clear weather in the forenoon The afternoon Lowery + moderate breeze from S+E Each watch have a half days Liberty - and come of Drunk + fighting - got of + salted 450 Salmon makeing about 6 bbls - We have a fine view of the mountains which are covered with snow.

Saturday aug 9th

Fine pleasant weather with light air from the N+W + clear sky. got off 800 more Salmon + Salted them Night pleasant.

Sunday aug 10th

At 4 o clock AM the weather being fine with a light breeze from the N-W. Called all hand to get under [unclear] + go to Sea - in company with Ships Julius Ceasar - Galen + Josephene. At 2 PM cleared the Land with a good breeze + steered E-S-E - with the wind [SSW?] saw several hum Backs + lowered for one [unclear]

M48

August 11-15

Monday Aug 11 th1845

Blows a gale from S S W + foggy. Lay under short sail – heading S-E clear’d off at 11 AM made sail + steered NN E – Saw the Land in the afternoon + 4 ships – At 9 PM spoke ships – Caladonia - + Dromo 1600 llb bound into {unclear } short sail Land distant 40 miles -

Tuesday Aug 12 th

The finest weather I have seen for two months – with a light breeze from the westward – Saw 7 {?} ships – spoke the ship Corinthian of Bristol R.I. 20 mo 2000 bbls – the capt come on board of us - afternoon steered N + saw some fin backs + hump backs and saw a barque to the Eastward boiling- shortened sail at sun set – the land distant N-W 40 miles –

Wednesday – Aug 13 th

This day fine weather kept the land in sight – with its snowey peaks towering above the clouds. – with a light breeze from the S + E steered along the land to the N + E saw the barque seen yesterday. Had some porpoises around the ship at Night. Imployed cleaning bone this day. Shortened sail at sun set – calm chased a hump back in the morning. Thursday Aug 14th Made sail at 4 AM light air from the W -S W saw the Barque seen yesterday in shore of us 15 miles at 11 o clock got a light breeze from S-W + thick fogg in squalle. Steered to the Eastward with the Land in sight – at 4 P-M was off mount which is very high – The mountains are covered with snow all along this coast – at sun set shortened sail heading off shore S S – E.

Friday Aug 15 th

Made sail at 4 AM + steered N E with a moderate breeze from S S W – saw several hump backs and lowered for one – come on foggy – gave it up and kept on to the Eastward – saw 5 ships spoke the {unclear} of Sag Harbour boiling – same day spoke

Lat 55 o

M49

August 16-20

Ship Brighton – Saturday Aug 16th 1845

To day blows a moderate gale from SSE fog too all day – Saw - two Shifted The Brighton Reports 1000 bbls 11-mo out & saw whales yesterday –

Sunday Aug 17th

In the morning [ ] the ship Brighton again at – 8 – o clock – ay 9 clears off made sail [ ] with a light breeze heading WSW. In the afternoon – saw Two Wright Whales going quick to the S x W chased – them but to No purpose – These are the first we have seen since July 19th – at 8 o clock clears off [ ] Saw the Land. Mount [ Krona] [ ] bearing N 60 miles Distant covered with snow & very high.  At night headed off to the S x [?] with a very light breeze x thick fogg = at [7 ½] short sail.

Monday Aug 18th

This day moderate airs x calmd x fogge towards night quite good breeze  - Saw a Ship to the Southward – Saw [Noelsign] Whales this day – [ ] to the S x E x S [?]  -- W Wind SSE Saw the Land in the afternoon – at night headed off to the Eastward under – short – sail at 7 ½ a [ ]

Tuesday Aug 19th

Moderate breeze x Thick Fogg from SSE Saw two whales and chased them – cruising 60 miles off S-E from Mount [?] in Lat 55o N

Wednesday Aug 20th

This has been a fine clear + pleasant day with a light breeze from the N + W in the forenoon – chased Whales from half past 5 H-M until [ ]- M Got nothing – Saw several crused off  Mount [?]  S-S-E Distant 60 Miles Saw a Ship to the S Steering to the N-E Lat – at – Noon 55o 24’ N

M50

August 21-25

Thursday aug 21st ‒ 1845 

This day weather with a moderate breeze from N-E to S-E. sailed to windward all day, but saw no whales ─ saw 6 ships off shore Mount [ Varona?] & [?] bearing WNW 80 miles At night light breeze &foggy shortened sail at 9 o clock

Friday aug. 22nd  

Thick fogg &  light breeze until Noon ─ made sail &cruised N and E ─ saw one whale Lowered and got clost to him in company with the Boats of the Ship in company Willm  Lee of N─Port ─ with 400 bbls this season ─  saw 6 ships  ─  afternoon moderate breeze from -S- shortened sail at 7½ o clock-

Saturday aug 23

In the morning  ─ Light Air  - - calm and fogg. Saw several nright whale at 10 o clock. lowered & struck one and saved him cut him in in the afternoon. Strong breeze from N. finished cutting Starboard boats whale at 6½ AM                    [Whale Stamp Northern Right Whale (Bowhead)]

Sunday aug 24th

Commenced sailing at 5 A.M. Weather moderate but cloudey & squalls of fog and wind ─ saw a ship to the N. chaseing whales. Made sail at 9-o- clock. Saw several Whales &lowered our boats twice in the afternoon ─ got nothing ─ wind strong from N. Saw the Land bareing NNW 80 miles distant. Shortened sail at 7-o-clock heading East. Lat at Noon 55◦ - 12’ N 

Monday aug 25th

Moderate breeze & squalls of thick fogg from N Saw three ships (at 6 o clock am  lowered and chased two whalesX) Saw plenty of Backs. Saw one ship Supposed the Nantasket. At night carried sail wirth a light breeze from W-N-W At 9 AM shifts to N & freshens with foggy squalls

M51

August 26-30

Tuesday aug st 26 th 1845

This  day  strong breeze . from  N – E  .  headed to the N + W - Shortened Sail at (unclear) o – clock AM  Saw – three Ships – Finished Boiling at (unclear) PM turned up 100 bbls – at night moderated.

Wednesday aug st 27 th  1845

This day commenced North 2 am fogg & Strong breeze from N- N- E at - 8 o clock - AM –moderate commenced storming down – made sail – Saw one ship - & several fin Backs . finished stowing at 5 PM – Blowing Strong . Shortened Sail Stowed in the Hatch – Starboard Side – Night – thick fogg & Rain –

Thursday – aug st 28 th 1845

The forenoon moderate breeze - from N N-E crused to the – E & N – W . made sail at- 6 - AM – Afternoon at 4 o clock Saw the Land – At 5 Blows  - strong & foggy - at 6 – shortened Sail – heading E by – N – Larboard . tacked . aboard

Friday aug st 29 th 1845

The forenoon foggy & Rain Squalls with a moderate breeze from N-N-E made sail at 10 - o clock A-M. heading N-W --- The Afternoon ente good weather with a moderate breeze - Saw the Land at - 3 o clock PM bearing - N-W . At Night the wind light with clear weather . The wind shifts to S - W. Steered - N.

Saturday aug st 30 th 1845

This day fine clear weather & a light breeze from . SW steered to the N - E . Saw 5 ships & several whale chased three - got nothing At 2 pm set sail (unclear) Ships Midof of N- B- saw two ships take whales & cuttings – heard from the (unclear) 1500 – Chas Theyer 4 Whale (unclear) 1300 (unclear) 1500 – Saw same day Barque Richmond . Providence – Madof Reports the – Hopewell & Luminarz to windward. With whales—At 2 PM set  shortened sail off mount Vomskotka

M52
M53

September 5-10

Friday Sept 5th 1845

Last night.  Sto[unclear] off shore—with a moderate breeze From SSE -&-S. To day thick fogg in the morn ing- since 10 o clock.  Shortened sail at 5 AM heading ESE continues blowing & fogg through the day.__At 11 o clock  PM clears off and moderates.  

                                                                               Saturday Sept 6th  845

Fine weather with a light breeze from the Northward Steered west N W - slowed down. 120 bbls[ unclear] of oil chased Whales -  but got nothing - Saw one ship Just at night- clost in to the Land - at Sun set headed off Shore & shortened sail__

                                                                             Sunday Sept 7th  1848

Light breeze with but little fogg  Chased Whales — 5 times to day and got nothing [unclear] Ship Italy Sag Harbour 100 bbls finished boiling at 1 o clock PM the two whales taken last Sunday turned up [unclear] 400 bbls—Saw six ships to day [unclear] the ship Brightone[unclear] boats -one whale since we spoke them last- at night Headed in Shore—wind light at SSE.

                                                         Monday Sept 8th

Calm & pleasant    Stowed down 180 bbls of oil to day.Chased.  Whales. Twice,  got none The head of the[unclear]. Ten miles off. Saw sevreal ships. At night light air from N W steered- E- N- E.

                                                 Tuesday Sept 9th 1848

This day good wholesail breeze. Saw one whale  Saw several ships- Afternoon sp one & “gamed[unclear] with the Jefferson - At night Thick weather with a strong breeze at East with rain carried double reefed top sails—heading SSE & NNE.

                                            Wednesday Sept 10th 1848

Strong breeze and bad[unclear] thick weather steered S-E- wind E-N- E- saw one ship No whales seen this day

M54
M55
M56

September 21-25

Sunday Sept 21st 1845

This day, fine weather.  At day light in the morning could not [see?] the Ship from the Boats.  at [sun?] a half hour high - Let go of the Whale & [run?] to leeward for the Ship. [uncertain] an hour & saw her distant 15 miles.  Got on board at 10-o-clock.  Wet cold & tired.  Spoke to day Ships Brighton 1400, Ann & [uncertain] Helvetia 1500, Midas 1200.  Afternoon cut in the Whale [cased? uncertain]. Calm. Night pleasant.

Monday Sept 22nd

This day, fine clear pleasant weather with a light breeze from the S&W.  Steered to the N.  Stowed down 180 bbls of oil.  This [day?] felt the Shock of an Earth quake.  At night pleasant & clear.  Steered to the N-.

Tuesday Sept 23rd

To day light [uncertain] & calm.  Spoke the ship Midas of NB and got the [craft? Uncertain] out of the Whale that we lost and they got the same day and was a boiling.  Spoke to day Barque Richmond of Providence RI 1400 bbls, also Ship Brighton and Ship [Lucy Ann?] of Green Port LI  1000, several other ships in sight.   Saw no Whales cruised to the N.

Wednesday Sept 24th

Fine weather.  Saw several Whales &+ lowered twice.  No [success?]. Several ships in sight - Stowed down 100 bbls after Hatch. – finished Boiling at 4-o’clock [uncertain].  Cruised to the Southward – breeze moderate.

Thursday Sept 25th

Fine pleasant weather and a light breeze from the S&W.  Stood in near the [land? uncertain] and went on Shore with two Boats.  Saw one Whale.  Near night - Cruised to the Southward Saw 2 Ships off Shore.

M57

September 26-30

Friday Sept. 26th 1845

Fine pleasant weather – and calm.  Saw & chased two whales.  did not get hold of them.  Saw three ships off shore to-day near the land.  Distant 12 miles.  Cruised to the south at night carry sail.

Saturday Sept. 27th

In the morning calm.  At 10 o clock AM light breeze at N.  Saw some fin Backs.  Also two ships to the northward.  Afternoon moderate breeze to the Eastward.  Steered W S W .  Saw [l]one whale going quick to the N.  Lowered for him but to no purpose.  Steered S S E   Distant from the land 30 miles.  Off the North head of the Bay  At night light breezes & calm.   Carried moderate sail heading to the southward  

Sunday Sept. 28th

In the morning quite a light breeze from S S E.  Made all sail at day light & steered S.  At 9 AM strong breeze.  Tacked & headed E N E.  Saw two whales at noon   Weather getting Bad.   did not Lower our boats.  Blows fresh.  Steered N E  Wind S S E.  trying to clear the land.  At 4 PM double Reef [unclear] the topsails.  At 6 wore [sic] ship headed to the S S E.  Night blows strong & the sea rough.  

Monday Sept. 29th

At day light in the morning took in all sai [unclear] sail but storm sails.  Continues blowing all day.  At night moderated.  Saw the South head of the Bay.  distant 40 miles bearing W S W   Saw no whales this day.  

Tuesday Sept. 30th

At day light in the morning made sail and stood in towards the land to the southward of the Bay.  Stowed down 40 bbls of oil.  At noon within 15 miles of the land which is covered with snow which has fallen in the last two days.  Blows strong and is cold.   Saw no Whight [sic] Whales to day

M58
M59
M60

November 4-11

 Tuesday Nov 4th  [D] 1845

At sun rise got under weigh bound down to Oahu.  breeze light & calm  made slow progresf Sent a letter to Olive by the Bliq Bull

                        Wednesday Nov 5th

Light air and calm from the westward the Ship [Xxx] in sight at Lahaina  I landed on the Isleand of Molokai and sold a barrel of oil For 9 barrels of sweet potatoes At night took A fine breeze from N and arrived off Diamond Head at 2 o clock A M

                         Thursday Nov. 6th

At 9 o clock  A M came to Anchor in the outer roads of Honolulu Arrived same time Ship Columbia Kelly of N London 2400 bbls.

                        Friday Nov 7th

Outer roads of Honolulu arrived Ship Jefferson Harris N London 1500 Whale [loaded] Caledonia for home Sent a letter by her to Matilda Thompson by George Thompson  [blot?]

                      Saturday Nov 8th

At sunrise got under weigh I toad in to The iner harbour got moored inside by 9 o clock A M sailed Ship Calafornia of + for New Bedford 30 months out 3100 bbls of Sperm come in same time Ship Columbia - Starboard watch - Shore on Liberty  Found about 30 [Sail] at this port

                      Sunday Nov 9th

I have the pleasure and privilege of attending church - In the morning the native (Kings chappel) church And also at 11 o clock the Seaman’s chapel   In the afternoon visited the Nuama Cimitery   In the evening attended service at the Seaman’s Chapel again.

                         Tuesday Nov 10th 11th

I attended the Lecture at the S Chapel in the eve 


M61