1845

M13

January 1-12

Wednsday, Jan 1st, 1845

This day have fine weather cruising to the South +  West  saw nothing at Noon Lat 45˚-10' Long 15˚ 9   at sun set.  took in sail + headed to the N+E the next morning Rain Wind + fogg at 8 oclock kept off - E - Remainder of the day fine weather + a light breeze at – West – at 9½ oclock observed the angler distance of the Sun + Moon – Which made our Long in 158˚5’ West of Grinwich – 

Thursday + Friday moderate breeze at S + E. head to the N. + E.  Saturday the 4th Spoke Ship Niantic 7 months out of Sag Harbour – 1000 bbls of oil   Spoke Ships Alert  + Lowell in December full + sailed for home. 

Sunday, Jan 5th  The wind strong at East – heading to the N + E in company with the Niantic – Capt Slate on board of us to Dinner – Lat at Noon 35˚-00’ Long 155˚ -

Monday the wind continues at E N E at 12 noon wore Ship + headed S-E + E-S-E – Thursday fog and Rain Wind the Same can scarcely see half mile about 4PM saw Whales  at 6 oclock tack Ship head – N – at 7½ oclock. Whales again clost by  shortened sail – Friday while it yet remains very thick and a strong breeze heading S-E at 1 PM  saw Whales again + Lowered Three Boats got nothing – saw whales again at 4 PM lowered two Boats got nothing – Saw Whales again at 4 PM. lowered two boats got nothing. Whales remain in sight until Sun Set –  – Shortened Sail blowing strong. Saturday, made moderate Sail at Sun Rise Blows a moderate gale + increasing  - at 1PM laying too under clost reefed main TopSail – heading N wind E N E Lat at noon by obs. 47˚ 09’

Sunday, Jan 12th

The gale has abated a little but continues thick with rain at 8 oclock AM made moderate Sail heading N + N by W. no observation to day.  At 4 oclock PM took in sail – blows + rains – At 6 oclock the wind shifts to N.  - Dureing the Night to West + blows heavy

M14

January 13-16

Monday, [smudged] 13th  Morning clear with a strong breeze at West at Sun Rise Kept off to N-E and made sail – We are now bound off of the ground. haveing been cruising here since the 25th of December and only seen whales one day with any kind of chance to whale.

Lat by obs. at Noon 46˚-18’
Long by Luner Dist  at 2 PM - 151˚-20’

In the afternoon at 6½ oclock Saw Whales. Lowered three Boats and chased them about 1 hour -- “Gallied”   them and came on board -- Took in Sail -- Wind light and the weather pleasant Whales clost to the Ship all night - - - 

Tuesday Morning at Day light made Sail light breeze at N heading E N E. first thing  we saw was a Whale clost under the Ships bow -- lowered three boats – but as he was gallied by the Ship Soon gave him up hoisted up the Boats -- Soon saw more + down and after them -- lost Sight of them + Lowered again about 7 oclock. Got nothing this time Lowered again about 2 oclock PM + chased a Whale two hours + gave him up. Stood on the wind to the N + W at Sun Set took in Sail – Moderate breeze at N -- But looks like approaching bad weather – Lat at 46˚ - 05 Long by chronom  150˚ 19’ W

Wednsday Jan 15th

Made all Sail at day light in the morning with a Moderate breeze at N N E – but Soon increases to a Moderate gale + some squalls – at 10 AM – down to double reefed  Topsails --  which continues untill night Saw no Whales to day -- steered E by N at Sun Set took in Sail.  Wind about N -- Lat at Noon by obs  -- 45˚48 S

Thursday, Jan 16th  during the night the wind shifts to E N E + blows + Rains heavy moderates a little in the morning -- at 9 oclock AM made Sail heading N-W at 11 oclock increases to a strong gale at N heading W N W laying too under “clost” reefed main TopSail + fore Spencer  Barometer down to 28˚ No observation at Noon Themometer up to 58˚ to day [initials HS in bottom right corner]

M15

June 17-19

Friday Jan. 17th 1845

The wind shifted suddenly from N to West yesterday afternoon about three o clock. – And by 6 o clock had increased to a violent gale. Wit a cross sea from NE + N + lastly from West. Which caused our ship to Labour so badly that we were obliged to luff too + lay under bare poles with all sails furled -previous to which we had only a double reefed main T sail + foresail + fore top mast stay sail set + steering N E by E + E – N d until we were in danger of loosing our Boats- when we hove too under a Tar paulin in the mizen rigging – For myself I scarce ever saw it Blow + rain harder for about 3 hours -During the Night it had moderated so that at day light we commenced makeing sail – at ten have single riged Top sails + main sail and jib etc- etc at 8 o clock run over a whale – (nearly) I should say before we saw him but kept on - for we are now anxious to get away from this place. It is up to this hour quite moderate and clear. But strange to tell we have not had any look out to the mast head to day - which is a proof that our captain wants to leave here as soon as the wind will carry us. 5 o’clock PM - the wind now at NW our course N - East Lat at noon 45˚ 31'  at 2 PM 147˚ 35'.

Sunday Jan 19 th

With light variable winds and squalls of rain + finally at SE course N by East Sat at noon by observation - 44˚47'S  During The night say betwixt 12 + 4 o clock some mischievous fellow or fellows took it into their heads to throw the remains of a Porpoise over board. Aand as this was intended for breakfast It was missed early in the morning by the cook + steward – At 7 Bells or 7 oclock I believe Capt Destin came on deck and the steward informed him of the circumstance – He ordered all hands called – When Mr. Lyons the second officer came up he asked him if he knew anything about the Porpoise to which he replied he did not – Saying that it was very dark and rained in his watch – To which Capt D says I could have seen “If God Almighty himself had have come down I would have seen him” He next proceeded to inquire of the whole ship's company

M16

continued from January 19 - January 20

If any one knew anything about this absent Porpoise but – No one knew any thing about it – He then said that there would be No watch below in the day time or any thing allowed to eat but Beef and Bread – untill he found out who threw the Porpoise overboard – In the mean time he had ordered the Cook to throw over board the Breakfast that that was prepared – Which consisted of a codfish hash == This Law was also to extend to the cabin – For our Breakfast was also thrown over – Thereby makeing us all partakers of his Discipline – Which to me appeared very strange. However we were let off by being kept out of our watch below all day – For we were permitted to have our Duff for Dinner – But the crews forward was given to the hog. At Supper, we also had our Sufference, as usual – Capt D- haveing concluded not to Pinch himself to Punish the crew – About Sunset It was hinted around that a “chap. by the name of Danielson was makeing a considerable Sport about this affair – “Saying that he would say it was him for Fifty cents – and how does Porpoises jump” +e. when he was comeing from aloft – This comeing to Capt. D- ears he sent for him and inquired what he meant “O-i only in fun” was the reply – “Darn You” + a punch of the nose and a blow in the face – “up there on them cross trees”, meaning the mizen top gallant cross trees – where he remained watch twelve oclock at – night.

Monday Jan. 20th

Abt 4 oclock this morning the breeze is moderate at S. with a little rain – course N by – E – “Danielson go to Mast head” was heared – It finally was made known to Capt Destin that – Danielson threw over the Porpoise – Abt 8 o clock he was called down + offered his Breakfast – but would not eat any also at Dinner- time + Supper – and at 7 1/2 o clock  PM is called down + locked up under the cabin Stairs – after being to the mast head 15 ½ hours – with the exception of comeing down + going up three times – – the rougue being caught – the cookery is to go on as usual – and The watches 

M17

continued from January 19-February 2

as before – and the officers are exempt from Discipline – Lat at Noon 42˚-17'-Long at 2 PM 142˚-17'

Sunday Jan. 26th

From monday to Thursday we had a moderate breeze from S. to E. – Since then it has been bareable from East to N- + N-W with moderate fine weather – To day is foggy + a light breeze at N. Steering by the wind N-E + EN-E. The first part of the week course N-by-East. Lat to day by obs 35˚-37' Long. by chronometer 133˚-17' 

Danielson abstained from food of any kind (of his own consent) from Sunday night to Thursday night, dureing which time he has been kept shut up -(on an average 16 hours out of 24)- under the cabin Stairs a plac less than 4 feet square.-

Monday 27th this day light breeze at N-N-W Steering NE by the wind 

The Black Smith imployed making handcuffs and Capt D. put them on him in the afternoon and at this moment while I write – The harsh + gloomy ginglings of his irons causes my blood to chill within my being – dureing the day he is permited to go on deck and set up on the stern – and look astern only – to witness all this for so small an offence – cannot but create in a man who has a spark of Humanity within him – Horror + Disgust –. In the afternoon sent up Studingsail booms. + Flying Gib. – at 6 PM lowered for whales Saw them but once – 

Tuesday 28th fine light weather wind N-N-W Steering N-+-E. Sent down the fore yard to day (and Sent up another)- on account of decay also Top + lower Studing Sail Booms.

Thursday light breeze from SW Set Studing Sails at night shifts to NW at continues light and baffling up to Sunday

Sunday Feb 2nd have light breeze from W-SW to WN-W with light squalls of rain course NW by N Lat at Noon 29˚-27'. Long 12

M18

February 9 [or 6?]

Sunday Feb. 9th 1845 Distant from Pitcairns Isleand. 25 miles N-by-W Two ships in sight near the Isleand-we have a light breeze from N.N.W heading N-East. by the wind -on Thursday morning last at 5 o clock in the morning saw Pitcairns Isleand bearing N by-E-Distant 20 miles. While we were steering N-W by-N-with the wind moderate at SE and studing sails out-And expecting to see it ahead. at sunrise—At half past five took in studding sails and luffed up for the Isleand—saw a sail astearn of-us- also steering for the Isleand- When we luffed up for the Land she was a beam of us-at three o’clock. We had the Isleand South of us 10 miles distant-the breeze quite light-during the day. The other ship clost in to the Land with her main Topsail aback. Saw another ship to the windward of the Island. All Thursday night-plying to the windward to get up so as to land early in the morning of Wednsday-clost in-Log two miles-prepared to go on shore at 6 o clock   three canoes came off-In on one of which came George Adams and in another-Christian-and in an other Quintal all three grand Sons of the Three men of that name-who were of the crew of the Bounty at the time of the Mutiny and subsequently landed at this Isleand-and peopled it-or as you see laid the foundation of its present population-We remained in communication with this people until Saturday afternoon and were received and treated with so much manifestation of a Christian spirit-That we were loath to part The two Ships were the Splendid and John Wells-of Cold Spring + Sag Harbour. Three hundred bbls. each. 7 months out We received in exchange for cotton cloth + axes + other small trifles-Sweet potatoes + Irish potatoes-bannanas-coconuts-water-

M19

February 7 and 8 [Pitcairn Island]

At Pitcairns Isleand Feb 7 & 8th 1845

Melons limes xc xc - all of which are very good The people of this island are a very remarkable people - They are a religious sober & industrious class. They know no crime consequently have no need of Laws but these they have -- a code I believe drawn up by the old Patriarch John Adams. But criminal offences are not known among these People -- There are at this time 128 on the Isleand Including two white men who are married and have families. Their wives are of the natives. None of these natives have ever been any where except to the Isleand of Otahite  Where they all emigrated in 1829 - or 30 -- Not being satisfied with that country they only remained 6 months there and then returned to their old home where they are unanimously agreed to live and die - and here to be buried with their Fathers

Sunday Feb - 16th Fine weather with a light breeze from NE steering N-N-W at ten o clock - a-m saw a sail bearing N -- at two o clock P.M. spoke Ship Panama of Sag Harbour 8 - months out - 700 bbls -- gamed untill Sun Set  The weather has been light and pleasant - since we - Left Pitcarins Island -- During the last week.  We have had the ship shut up for the purpose of smoking out - the mice - but - after keeping her smoke tight forty hours have not killed them all - Lat at Noon 13° 42` 

Sunday Feb 23 in the North Pacific 

The weather since last Sunday has been light and pleasant with a moderate breeze at the Eastward and to day fine and pleasant light breeze at N E course since the 16th N by W to day N by W ½ W  Lat at Noon by obs 12° 41` North 

Sunday March 2nd 1845

Fine breeze at last Steering N-W since Thursday With Strong Trade Winds at N-E and finally some times as much as we could carry double reefed topsails too Lat - 16°  17' Long 143°

M20

March 9-[11]

Sunday, March 9th, 1845.  Is moderately fine with a light breeze from East. North  rain in the forenoon. Imployed refitting the fore topmast + top galt (gallant) mast. Saw the Island of Owyhe + Maui – or Mowee – to the South and South + West, Distant 20 miles - Since last Sunday, the weather has been pleasant with high winds and calms – Friday morning saw a ship to the Northward – steering Westward – Saturday sent down foretopmast and sent with another, the old one being rotten – Today the ship first seen on Friday is a head of us. Five miles at sun set – we are clost in to Mowee and with  Any wind shall be at anchor  - under the South west end at Lahinia  by ten o’clock tomorrow forenoon.

All hands are in first rate health and Danielson is yet in Irons and kept under the cabbin stairs all through the night and during meal times – Distant at six o’clock at P.M. from the North East port of Mowee  – ten miles 10°  at ten at night hove too and lay till 5 O’clock the next morning

Monday morning – Kept off  - the North a light breeze from the eastward and north squalls of rain. Stood in to Lyra Bay with a ship 8 miles ahead of us steering westward  The breeze freshing and at about 2 o’clock saw the shipping at anchor at Lahinia and at half past three came to anchor in the midst of 21 other ships and found that the ship we had seen the three days past was the Nantascet of New London – Capt Parker Smith 21 months out with 250 bbls of oil just from the Coast of Chile and bound from hence to the NW – She anchored one hour before us – we also found the Dromo 600 Ben Morgan  2100 North America 150 Isaac Hicks 200 and 5 months out – by this last ship I had the pleasure to receive 3 letters one from my wife – one from my brother Giles – one from William Anderson Esqr.

Tuesday – came in five ships – lastly sailed one Panama. Sabina Caladonia Albion Amethist - Boiling   one watch on shore today

[The numbers following the ship names are sometimes in superscript, sometimes adjacent to the names. They refer to the number of barrels of oil aboard each.]

M21

March 12-17

                                                                                                         Neva

Wednsday March 12th 1845 – This day quite pleasant, on Shore, through the day.  Saw but little that was pleasing – or worth Seeing – came in to Day Ship Neva of New York – Sailed this Day two Ships one of these the York – Got 100 bbls of water

Thursday 13  at Sun rise got of[f] 26 casks of water - + hove up and cleared our anchor [unclear] Ships bends, +c. +c.  one watch on Shore   upon Liberty – Sailed one Ship + Arived one + two more in the offing

Friday March 14th  Fine pleasant weather this day.  is my turn to be on Shore but instead of going on Shore I stay on board and occupy the time in writing home to my wife and friends

Saturday 15th All hands Imployed on board in Setting up the Standing Rigging fore + aft – Come in four Ships Sailed two

Sunday 16th  Is a pleasant day but a Strong breeze from the Southward – to day I wrote two letters – one to my Brother Giles and one to William Anderson.

Monday 17th This morning we got off – our last water (nine casks) and 20 bbls of potatoes come along Side and we took in them and the water – and went on Shore on Liberty at ten o clock – Toward night com'cd to rain and blow quite Strong from about South – at 7 PM gave the Ship 70 fathoms of the Larboard Chain + at 8 o clock let go the Starboard bower + fazed out 30 fathoms at ten o clock, blows quite a gale – called all hands.  the Ship Caladonia a dragging and likely to come a foul of us.  She just clears us – Send down Royal Yards – one Ship gets under weigh + goes to Sea about 1 o clock – We are getting ready to slip our anchors and run too – after two o clock.  We of the Larboard watch turn in  So ends this day and night.

M22

March 18-21

Tuesday, March 18th 1845

At day light this morning The gale continued to increase gradually Several ships have dragged and some have fouled   the ship Calamut ─ has lost jib boom ─ The Nantasket fore topsail yard & four or five have gone to sea. The Isaac Hicks has dragged about two miles and this morning at 7 o clock got under weigh and ran out to the Northward of the Islands. Most all of the thirty Ships have started their anchors - - we have sent down our Royal mast &  T galnt yards   At 8 o clock our chains being buoyed & ready we slip & run to sea- after cruising about betwixt Mowee and Raini and Maloki  untill near-Night we up helm and run out to the Northward of Mowe and Several Ships sailed in company ─ Saw but few Ships  laying at the anchorage at Sunset that night blows very hard Lay to under clost reefed main Topsail & fore Spencer clost under the North side of Mowee.

Wednesday 19th continues

Blowing strong  ─ twenty Ships in sight Danielson was sent on shore on Monday at Lahinia to the Counsils and returned on board at Night and locked up under the cabbin stairs where he is kept night and day and only allowed bread and water. The wind shifted suddenly to NW.

Thursday 20th

Moderates & we make sail ─ near the east end of Mowee 25 Ships in sight  ─  bend a jib in place one lost last night Wind backs to WSW. 

Friday 21

Fine pleasant with a light breeze at about North. Steering along the north side of the island – 26 Sail in sight  ─ at Sun Set we are just about where we were on Mond morning the 10th   so ends and all are well.

M23

March 22-25

Saturday, March 22nd 1845

We got back to the anchorage – at about 3 PM – and got our cables with but little trouble there also come in about 20 ships in company with us. We hove up our starboard anchor—and found it broke – Several other ships had their anchors broke + some lost them intirely – one Ship broke her windlass – – come in on the same night Barke Clement of N-London – –

Sunday 23d – Fine weather

I went on shore to church - - and to get somethings besides Salt beef + Pork to eat come on board at 1 - oclock – PM come in to day - eight + ten Ships – Capt. Destin sent Danielson on shore to get a Ship and he remained and got put in the fort – Arrived  Ship John + Elizabeth 600 bbls – 8 months out –

Monday March 24th

Fine weather to day came in three ships one the Morrison Capt. Green of – N London 6 months out – 350 – bbls  of oil – with one man in Irons for an attempt to set fire to the Ship – to day got  of – ten bbls of Potatoes and 50 pumkins more – out side 4 Ships 35 Ships in the roads 

Tuesday March 25th

Fine weather at 8 o-clock – prepare to go to Sea hove short and run a line – to haul outside of the other Ships – hove up – and got out with but little trouble   at half-past  nine  Capt Desten came off – + got Danielsons chest + bedding + c. + carried on Shore to the Councils [Consul] office at half-past 11 oclock – – Came up a little breeze and we make Sail for Owahu – Capt Destin come off – and we moved – of [off] – slowly – in company with the Ship Dromo Capt. SteelIsaac Hicks - + Bark Vermont – By 4 oclock the Shipping at Lahinia were out of Sight. At 8 o-clock were down to the west end of Rani – Finished my letter to Giles

M24

March 24

Wednsday  March 26th.  1845 

Fine weather - By day light in the morning we were down to Diamond Head - at 8 o clock. Capt Destin goes on shore at Honolulu to get an anchor - for the Ship - He purchases one of Brewer & Co - of about 1700 cwt for which he had to pay - from twelve to thirteen cts. per lb.  At twelve o clock at noon we get it on board — at 2 o clock I witness the funeral ceremony of Rakael - the Ambasador to the United States from the Goverment of the Sandwich Islands - who died on his way home from the States fifteen days after leaving Boston In the Ship Montreal In company with Mr Richards - The Funeral was - Attended by an immense concourse of People of all grades at about 3 o clock the Prosession began to move from the Fort - The corpse was preceded bythe Soldery of Honolulu Headed by the Band of Blacks. -who played the Marselles Hymn - then came the Marine Core from H. B. M. Ship Talbot Next was the corpse -  Then the Mourners family connection & - Then the Native Citizens mingling with the Foreighn Residents. -  Then the King - Royal Family the officers of the Goverment - Officers of the Ship Talbot - Seamen of do [ditto] ...  The King walked with Her Brittanic Majesties Counsel — M. Willie and the Queen with another White Gentleman The prosession was followed by the Ladies in a long train — I should think that the whole was near an half mile in length -  It was a very imposeing sight to behold - One to which called forth many a Solemn Reflection particularly in defference to the people who were recently in heathen degradation— All business was Suspended in the afternoon - dureing the funeral.  The corpse was taken to the Native Church -  Where there was Prayers & Singing whether there was a Sermon or not I cannot say. The ceremony was closed by the discharge of artilery on the Fort.  At about Sun Set we returned on board - and Steered for Attoi 

M25

March 27-29

 Thursday  March 27th  1845     

Steered from Owahu S-W  6 hours with a light breeze - 4 Knots — then W-by N till 4am when we were off the South Side of Attor Distant 20 miles  Spoke the Ship Huntsville Of Cold Spring.  Capt Howe 5 months out— 80 bbls of oil - Capt come on board- of - the Merrimac his old Ship on a previous voyage - Lay off & on dureing the Night with light breeze from the S-W

            Friday  March 28th   At 7 o clock— Started for - the shore with one Boat being at the time 15 miles off - with a light air of - wind -  Got on Shore - about 9 o clock in company with Capt Fordham of the Ship Splendid of Cold Spring & Capt Howe of Huntsville of - do [ditto]  with three boats - We found that we could not get what we wanted at that place -  Remained but a short time Started for another town called Papape [?] 7 mile farther to the westward - Arrived there about one o clock PM — soon obtained a boat load of Pigs - for about about half-past two o clock She being full - 15 miles off - & it did calm - Got on board - about 5 o clock PM - In company with Capt Steel of Ship Dromo  - who had also been on Shore where we first landed and could get nothing— The weather light & pleasant kept on to the westward -  Capt Steel.  Remained to try again the next day Steering betwixt Attor & Owahu at day light on

               Saturday  March 29th     At day

Light in the morning  Were abreast of the east end Onehoaw - Course West - saw the Splendid and Huntsville astern -at 6 o clock- the PM. the Huntsville passed across our bows - Steering W by N and the Splendid off our larboard quarter 15 miles distant - The wind moderate at N-E    Sailing at the rate of 5 miles per hour - course W half S. - the land out of Light

M26

March 30-April 5

Sunday, March 30th 1845

Fine pleasant weather with a steady light breeze from N-E – course – W ½ S. The Ship Huntsville ahead 12 miles – 4 PM Spoke  the Splendid – and had a “gam”

Monday, March 31st continues fine weather – The Huntsville not in sight course W. ½  S  wind N-E  - - - Bent a fore top-sail + new main top galt sail.

Tuesday, April 1st 1845

Fine weather with a steady 7 not breeze at N-E – course W ¾ S - - “Gamed” with the Splendid in the afternoon

Wednesday, April 2nd

Fine weather with a steady 8 not breeze at N – course – W – The Splendid. 10 miles astern

Thursday, April 3 – Remains

Good weather with a strong breeze at N N-E course W N-W – To-day put up chain cutting pendants  – 

Friday, April 4th

Fine weather with a moderately good breeze at East N-E at 2 o’clock. PM saw a sail to the South + west – at 4 o’clock spoke her. The Huntsville “gamed” untill 8 o’clock – Steering W.N.W. + the Steering N-N-W -- -- The Splendid 6 miles astern – at 4 o’clock and at 8 when we kept off to N.W. by N she was up with us.

Lat. 26 – Long 179°50’ 

Saturday, April 5th

Fine weather with a pleasant breeze at S-E course WNW – the Huntsville 5 miles ahead + gaining upon us  – The Splendid out of sight in the afternoon “Gamed” with the Huntsville crossing the opposite maridian to day and being in East Longitude again we reckon This Sunday – loosing one day by going westward – Long to day. East.



M27

April 6-April 12

Monday 6th of April 1845

The forenoon – Steady breeze – At SE  steering N W – in company with the ship Huntsville  In the afternoon wind shifts suddenly  to SW  + squally  - through the day rain and Sudden shifts of wind – Lat about 30°

Tuesday April 7th

This day strong winds and rain with The wind  at NEast and – cold – No ship In sight steering at NNW

Wednesday April 8th This day  squally  + cold rain  - the ship Under double reefed  top sails –

Thursday April 9th

This day quite moderate with a moderate Breeze at last – steering NNW + N  by East  At sunset took in sail – being on the Whale ground – the weather for two days Past has been foggy

Friday April 10th

At day light in the morning made sail Heading N by East – wind East - + light With thick fogg at the times Saw a ship A stearn heading to the northward + one To the north + west the afternoon calm At sun set took in sail

Saturday, April 11th

This day at day light made sail with a moderate Breeze at W N W steered to the Northward  till Noon Spoke ship Huntsville – steering to the southward   wore round + steered W S W with a strong breeze   Capt. Howe come on board + stayed until 4 PM –Lat at noon 35° 17' N

Sunday, April 12th

Last night ship under double reefed top sails Steering to the Westward – this morning made All sail steering W – wind NE   saw the Huntsville to the Southward – Weather clear + pleasant

M28

April 13-17

Monday, April  13th

To-day we have fine clear weather and a light breeze at S  steered WSW x SW -Saw a few fin Backs. Lat at Noon 35º N Long 174º E

Tuesday, April 14th

The forenoon Rain + fogg with a moderate breeze at S x SW Steering W x WNW Saw a ship to the Southward Steering Westward, The afternoon clear with light breeze. Towards night foggy carrying all Sail to night. with the wind at SW. Steering W-S-W.

Wednesday April 15th

Strong breeze from West x N.W Steered to the Northward by the wind at ten tacked to the South + West- at 11 AM spoke Ship Louvre Capt Green of New London. 8½  months out 500 bbls  Gamed till night. By the Louvre I received package from my Olive- Lat at Noon 37º-05'. The afternoon quite a light breeze at night squally from the N-W by the wind with Starboard tacks aboard.- put up the Stove in the cabin to day.

Thursday April 16th

Is moderately fine no fogg at times strong gusts of wind Carrying top gallant Sail most of the day. In the afternoon gamed with the Louvre- Saw plenty of Finbacks and Streaks of Red Whale feed. W N + N-W  Steering by the wind with Starboard tack down.

Friday, April 17th
This day moderately good weather-With a good strong whole sail breeze from NE - steered WNW-In company with the Louvre. In the morning-About 5 miles off -on our Larboard qr [quarter] at night. She is fifteen miles off-astern at Noon saw another sail 3 pts off the lee qr steering after us + gaining supposed to be the Huntsville-  at sun set fifteen miles off  at Sun set saw Right Whales   took in sail.

M29

April 18-24

Saturday April 18th 184[5]

Had been blowing a gale.  Ship under light sail heading Eastward.  Two ships to the northward.  Came down and spoke us   It was the Huntsvill.  Saw a whale this morn - A Pig died by eating beans to day.

The gale on Sunday April 19th 

continued unabated as yesterday.  Saw nothing but two ships and some Whale feed

 Monday April 20th continued with a gale from N E saw one Sail to leward. 

Tuesday April 21st

The gale continues without abating in the least. No ships in sight to day. Heading to the Eastward since yesterday.

Wednsday April 22nd 

The gale has broke and we have fine Weather.  With a light breeze from S. E. Steering on the wind NNW. To N.W. in the fore noon I saw a ship to the southward steering to the Eastward.  In the afternoon Saw a ship to the Northward – By our Reckoning to day we are 60 miles to the Southward and Westward of where we were on Friday night when the Gale commenced and where we saw Whales.

Thursday April 23rd 

Fine weather and a fine breeze from the South and S.W.  Steered NNW + NW.  In the afternoon saw a dead Whale in a state of decomposition supposed to have been dead two or three weeks.  Carried moderate sail last night. Lat at noon 37° 40'N

Friday – strong breeze from S S W.  Steering N.W.  Saw a number of fin backs.  Weather very hazey   at night  short sail   Lat at noon to day 37° 48' N.

M30

April 25-May 1

Saturday April 25th 1845

Lay by last night under easy short sail with the wind strong with rain from the South and mist this morning.  Moderates at half past 6 o clock. Made sail at 7 O clock with the wind at WNW. Steered N.  Saw a sail to the Eastward steer ing to the Northward.  Saw several hump backs at 5 O clock in the afternoon off the Ship India Capt Miller of N London 81/2 months out with 300 blls. of oil.  Kept company through the night and.

Sunday April 27th

Fine weather saw a number of Hump Backs and gamed with the India all day with a whole sail breeze at SW steered NW + NNW. The India rather out sail the Merrimac.  At night parted. Lat at noon 42°12’.

Monday April 28th

Light air + calme.  Lowered our boats for a Hump Back. Saw a ship to the South + East  supposed the India.  The weather thick could not see over two miles ------- At night a light breeze steering NNW saw a Ship Boiling.

Tuesday April 29

Thick haze + rain.  Cruised Eastward + W Westward saw a carcas resently cut. In the afternoon lowered three boats for fin back. Thick fogg.  Cleared up at one o clock Md Sail. Set in thick again at 4 o clock. At 6 shortened sail heading W by N. Breeze light.

Wednesday April 30

At day light made sail heading WNW the wind strong with fogg + rain from about S at 9 AM.  Stood to the eastward.  with much  rain at ten took in sail saw some hump Backs.

Thursday May 1st 1845

The wind NE + cold by ten.  Saw whales     Lat  at noon 45°

M31

May 1-5

 Thursday May 1st 184[5]

The wind shifted at 9 o clock last night    to day is a moderate gale. Laying to] Saw some Right Whales this forenoon Lat at Noon by obs 45° 01'     Long at 2 PM. 162° 43' East

 Friday May. 2nd

To day we have a very heavy gale north rain snow & hail from N E at 6 1/2 AM clost reefed. The main top sail - at  9  furled it   lay all day under fore & main spencers

                         Saturday May 3

Last night the gale abated. This morning made sail. Saw several hump backs  Saw a ship to the Eastward – at 2 PM Spoke Ship Houqua – N-Bedford    at sun set – let Double Reef top sails heading N with good weather – moderate breeze at E N-E- & clear-

 whale stamp     Sunday May 4th

Moderate weather with a strong breeze at ENE saw a Brig steering NW supposed to be a Russian bound to St Peters & St Pauls on Kamskatca –In the afternoon saw several Right Whales – got fast to two-got one  Boat stove and cut from the Whale at sun down- the weather cold –and the men suffered much – by being in the water Saw a Barque to the Westward Whaling      Lat at Noon by obs 44° 20'

whale stamp            Monday May 5th

To day a strong breeze and rugged Saw one Ship And a plenty of Whales lowered six times got fast to one whale and the irons drew - at 6 o clock foggy took in sail. cruised to day to the North and to the S. & - E. Whales Wild and hard to get hold of- Bad luck   so ends    

M32

May 6-9

Tuesday, May 6th, 1845.  This morning thicke fogg and calm. At 11 O’clock lights up a little. Saw a whale one mile off – lowered two Boats – and struck him – lowered a third boat at 3 P.M. – got him Killed – at 4 O’clock got him alongside – at Sun Set [text obscured by whale stamp] head-in & made fast for the Night. Wind light at N.E. – Saw several whales & one ship to the South of us. The Whale is a very large one – but not very fat. Thus we have succeeded in taking one after almost – Ten months from home –

Wednesday, May 7th

Thick fogg   at Noon finished cutting the whale – in the morning a light breeze – in the afternoon calm – commenced to boil – Ten o’clock at night breezes up at S.S. W. and cold – Ship headed S.E. by E.

Thursday, May 8th

In the morning rain and strong breeze at W.S.W.  Wore Ship* and headed N.W. – Saw Whales – with a moderate gale -  at 5 P.M. the gale increased and heavy sea – Cooled down the works

Friday, May 9th

Moderates – started the works at 5 A.M. – [a vertical whale stamp appears here] continues to moderate – made sail at 11 O’clock – at one O’clock saw whales the first & second mate lowers and in a half hour struck – one mile to leeward – The capt lowers and pulls for the other boats leaving me on the Ship without any orders to lower [text obscured by whale stamp] or not. In fifteen minutes I wore the ship around and stood along a half mile to windward of the boats – and backed the main Topsail – and then lowered my boat and pulled down to the whale – then to the windward of the other three boats and heading towards me – Not spouting any blood – as soon as near enough ordered my Boatsteerer to fasten on to the whale with one iron and at the same time to give him a lance – The

[Note: *wear ship = to turn away from the wind]

M33

May 9

Friday May 9th Continued

Iron did not touch the whale but [corner of page covering text] lance went the whole length into the [corner of page covering text] in a place to kill him --  As soon as [corner of page covering text] I could – get up to him – again – I got the Iron in – and another lance. By this time the Capt. (the Black Hearted Wretch was within a boat length of me and menacing me with his Lance elevated – Threatening me with instant Death – If I did not cut my line and go back to the Ship – “God dam You to Hell" and much more that I need not mention   I had no knife in the head of my boat – for he had had it taken out to use in the blub-ber room – and never replaced it – He deem-ing I did not cut.  Also threatened to dart his Lance though Lauriat If he did not cut the Line -I then pulled to the Ship – and before I got there – the whale was dead –

The Capt came on board – and asked me if I did not hear him tell me not to fasten to the whale – I answered that I did not and did not think any one in the boat heared him – give any such orders. He then asked Lauriat If he did not hear him tell him not to dart his harpoon – Who answered that he did not – Capt Disten then said to him You Lie – You damned Son of a bitch xc xc

Upon my saying a – a few words about his cursing me without a cause and threatening to dart his Lance through me – He again raised a large weapon and threatened to beat my brains out – If I did not stop talking- and ordered me below – saying I should not do any more duty on board of the Ship – and he would put me in Irons – worth a furious drain of strain of other bitter and abusive Language – His order to go be – low – I amediately obeyed  - up to Saturday night I have done no duty- nor have I been requested too.  At half past 3 got the Whale along side and the flume chain on him – took in Sail     So ends

M34

May 10-13

Saturday May 10th 1845

whale stamp

This morning on awakening the ship - lost the whale from along side.  With two chains a small one bent on to the large one to lengthen It.  The whale having drifted on the wrong side of the Ship - in the night   Strong breeze with fogg and rain from South cooled down in the morning – commenced to boil again at 2 o clock P-M – Saw whale to day – quite rugged – at night moderate.

Lat 46°N Long 162

three whale stamps

Sunday May 11th Saw a number of whale.  In fact-they were quite plenty.  our boats were down several times and struck three or four – one ran around with the captain & he had to cut  The others drew their Irons  Saw one Ship to the westward also a whaleing   The wind light from the westward - and clear the most of the day.  I am yet off-duty – of course do No whaleing – only look on silently   Capt D has not spoken a word to me since the jar on Friday – - - Beside myself there are four others off-duty – by illness - I am content with these easy times - - - 

Monday the 12th Early this morning lowered for a whale  clost to the ship.  did not get him – breeze strong and very cold from North with a little snow - fell in with the Whale - We lost on Saturday last got fast to him and took in all sail – and lay by him  - stowed down 120 lbs of oil.  Saw one Ship    nothing said yet about going to work. 

Tuesday the 13th – finished stowing down 140 bbls of oil including what was stowed yesterday – Split out & cleaned the head of bone on deck --Hauled

M35

May 13-14

Thursday, May 13

Hauled whale along side and cut off his flukes and got the chain and let him go-  Saw one ship to the south east- This morning Captain D broached the subject by asking me if I wanted to go to work again. I said I had no objections if he wished me to do so. He replied that he had no wish either way. I might do as I please – and intimated that if I did not go to work I should lose the season. After talking over the affair he said he would work. Almighty mad at the time- or he should not have said what he did. I then -told him I should go to my duty and did so precisely at 8 oclock AM. At one o’clock -made sail -steering to the southward – saw a barque to the south east -Steering northward going WSW - the clear weather - at 4 oclock stood to the northward saw some Hump Backs at sunset shortened sail-

Wednesday, May 14

whale stamp

middling good weather steered W-N-W the wind S-W- at 8 oclock AM lowered for a whale – going quick- gave him up- at 3 PM saw three large whales feeding-lowered three boats- in 20 minutes. I -struck-one-distant from the ship a half mile-  in five minutes shut in a thick fog. – Lost sight of the ship-the whale took one take of line and I -Cut- could not see 20 rods  -Saw no boats -boat half full of water - pulled in the direction -of the SHIP-Saw- the other boats -saw them- and pulled for the- ship blowing our tin Horns- they heard us-and we passed the ship to Windward    the captain lowered and came to us -so we are- safe on board

M35a

May 15-20

Thursday May 15th 1845

In the morning good weather with a light breeze at SE. In the afternoon blows rain and fogg. Saw whales & lowered three times to day. At night quite a gale untill 10 – o clock – moderates.

Friday May 16th

Good weather to day and No whales in sight. Lowered for a calf but did not get him. Shortened sail at sun set   light breeze at SSW cruised to the westward.

Saturday May 17th

Saw whales three times. (Mr. Holt) got fast to one and lost [obscured by whale stamp] Whale line. The forenoon light breeze at SSW. In the afternoon Strong breeze from NW with Snow. Cruised to the Southward at 4 PM took in the sail quite a gale & very cold.

Sunday May 18th

Blows a moderate gale & cold from NW. lay too all day. Saw Whales three times.

Monday May 19th

Last night quite moderate. this morning – light breeze & good Whale weather. Lowered at half past 6 – o clock [obscured by whale stamp] Holt struck and held on about one hour and half – and then lost his line again with two Irons – Saw more Whales but going too fast. at two in the afternoon Saw the Whale we struck in the morning – and chased him – Wore Ship & stood to the N & W. Comced [commenced] to blow strong at 5 o clock. Took in the sail & weather cold. Ice made on deck last night – Wind SSW.

Tuesday May 20th

Is very cold & blustering with a moderate gale from WNW. Lay by all day under short sail. I saw no Whales to day.

M35b

May 21-26

Wednesday May 21st 

In the morning light breeze & foggy – At 8 o clock clears up. Saw two Whales. Struck – one – drawed. At 10 – o clock lowered again. made a "miss frizzle"  At 2 PM [whale stamp]Saw four together. got one. Came in foggy at 4 – o clock. finished cutting at half past 8 o clock. [obscured by whale stamp] By Mr Holt. At Night cold & fogg with a moderate breeze at South.

Thursday May 22nd

Strong breeze at South & thick fogg commenced boilling at 6 AM – Strong breeze – all day.

Friday [not dated]

At 2 am sun rise clear and pleasant made all sail at 5 AM Saw plenty of Whales and lowered soon set in thick fogg and strong breeze – shortened sail – at 9 o clock clears off. Strong breeze untill 4 PM. Night quite moderate & good weather –

Saturday May 24th

In the morning fine weather made all sail with the wind quite light at SW – Lowered for whales at 8 – o clock – came on board at 9 – broke out to Stow down – finished boiling at 8 o clock AM. Set in foggy at 9 o clock finished stowing down 95 bbls at 4 PM. moderate breeze at NNE Steered W   at sun Set shortened sail. continues foggy at night.

Sunday May 25th

In the morning a moderate gale from the WNW – with rain and snow. Very cold. took in the foresail at 7 AM   at 9 moderates. Lowered for a Whale. quite rough   did not get him – In the afternoon made sail Saw more Whales – breeze increases Shortened sail at half past 3 PM.

[whale tail stamp]

Monday May 26th

In the morning – quite good weather made sail at 5 o clock   at 11 o clock Shut in thick fogg – with a light breeze at SW continues all night. Saw no Whales. Shortened sail at 4 PM.

M36

May 27-31

Tuesday May 27th 1845

Clear moderate weather at day light in the morning made sail commened [sic] foggy at -6 - o clock 

In the [whale stamp] afternoon clears up a little - lowered for Black fish Mr Holt struck a Whale + lost his line again with two irons + spade - Saw a Ship heading to the N + S -- most calm shortened sail at 6 - PM -

Wednesday May 28th The forenoon strong breeze with squalls of snow - from N-W at 9 o clock - AM spoke Ship -Franklin of N- Bedford - one Whale - this season - Stood to the S + W - at one oclock - Wore and stood to the N + S - at 3 P-M saw Whales and lowered - Boats came on board at 4 o clock shortened sail - John Harris sick with the Plurecy  -- This day killed  - Old Jack the Hogg gotten at Fogo - supposed to weigh 250 lbs 

Thursday May 29th

In the morning very good weather made all sail at 4 - o clock . with a light breeze at SW at 6 1/2 o clock - Steered - East by S at 9 o clock . Saw Whales - Chased 2 hours - gallied them - Boats came on board at - 11 - o clock - The afternoon Strong breeze - with rain -and - fogg  - Shortened sail at one o clock - towards night quite moderate +  lightens up - Night light weather --

Friday May 30th light air and - calm - Saw one Whale chased three miles - come in foggy - gave him up - Shortened sail at 5 o clock - calm + foggs   night continues calm + foggy

Saturday May 31st 

In the morning calm and foggy At 6 o clock - clears off a little [whale stamp] made sail - with a light air from W. At 9 o clock Lowered three Boats for Whales 4 miles of [off] - chased untill  11 o clock .. Struck (capt D ) got capsized - lost his line -cursed + swore tremendously - the whale went off +c +c  [etc]

So - End - this day

M37

June 1-7

Sunday, June 1st 1845

Last night com'cd [commenced] raining and blowing storms from S -E – continues untill – afternoon wind shifts to – S-W- Lay too all day with starboard tacks aboard. - afternoon foggy - - no rain.

Monday June 2nd 

Strong breeze – at NW with fogg and rain – the forenoon at 11 oclock. Saw a whale . - & - struck Him. – Got – him along side about – 12 – o clocke – Commencd – cutting about – 1 - quite rugged –Did not – finish  until 8 in the evening. Lost One life – (Starboard Boat One Whale)

[whale stamp] Tuesday June 2nd

Commenced boiling at – 6 AM weather moderate and – wind light in  - the forenoon. In the afternoon – Snows – Saw no whale – end with thick weather – At – night blows strong from SW

Wednesday – June – 4th 

Clear – weather – with strong – breeze from SW Saw No – Whales - - At night thick fogg with A light breeze from SE + some rain.

Thursday June 5th – 

To day had light breeze – from WSW steered N-W & N saw no whale but Fin Backs The forenoon thick – Afternoon clear . – Finished boiling at – 7 – AM – stowed down –One. Hundred – barrels – 100 bbls

Friday, June 6th

The forenoon. light air. & calm. Saw. one whale. The. afternoon strong breeze – and thick fogg. Wind from. NW Steered WSW Shortened sail at – sunset – about 8 Oclock . - - 

Saturday – June 7th

Made sale at-half-past- 5-O clock – steering SW with fine pleasant weather at – 8 O’clock AM saw a whale – going quick – at 11-O-clock lowered - - missed him at 12 lowered again.

M38

June 17-22

Tuesday June 17th Fogg until 11 o clock A M Saw two whales near the ship. Afternoon clear. Saw several whales.. lowered near 6 o clock. Larboard qr Boat went on to one large Whale & missed – breeze very light from SSW.

Wednesday June 18th Clear with a light breeze from S-E. Saw plenty of Whale got -fast to five to day. Killed two. Sunk one & Saved one. large one – The Larboard qr Boats – Stowed down 100 bbls to day.

Thursday June 19th Clear fine weather. plenty of Whales all around us to day. Tried several times to get hold of them – cut-in the one taken yesterday – I continue boiling – breese moderate & light from ENE.

Friday June 20th Set in thick fogg last night at 9 o clock. Saw but few Whales to day. clear. part of the day – saw two ships – one boiling – But little wind – most of the time calm.

Saturday June 21st  clear with a moderate breeze with some rain in squalls   Saw three ships – one boiling – Spoke Barque. Rose of Halifax 29 months 2000 bbls 1400 Sperm. Saw But few Whales but a plenty of Fin Backs Stowed down 100 & ten bbls   At Night strong breeze from SSE heading SW

Sunday June 22nd Died At half past 2 oclock this morning Thomas Gates Died of the Dropsy on the brain. He was taken down a week ago yesterday – He has been sick most of the time since leaving N-London- I have before wrote that he was not expected to live from one day to another -.- Part of the day foggy – Spoke the Rose again to day Lowered for aw Whale in the forenoon – come in foggy   In the afternoon got a small whale

M39

June 22 continued-27

At – 3 o clock – buried Thomas Gates – I Read the Burieal – Service from the Seamans Hymn Book – Two of our Boats were away at the time of the Burial – Laying by a Whale – But Cap Destin could not wait - - - Got the Whale along side + cut in by 9 o clock – P M  - - -  

Monday June 23d

The forenoon calm Saw few whales – chased one in the afternoon light breeze from the Eastward Saw two whales + chased them – could not get hold of them – 

Tuesday June 24th

Last night Rained + blowd Strong from E N E headed to the S + E. To day stowed down 150 bbls   Spoke the Rose again -- + the capt came on board of us. blows a good breeze from the Westward – Saw No Whales – Nor made any Sail – Picked up a stoven Boat to day supposed to be a French merch [merchant?] 

Wednesday June 25th

Strong breeze from N-W Steered East Saw nothing but fin Backs - - untill two o clock P-M When we were in the midst of Whale in great plenty. Lowered + chased – very rug ged – could not get up to any – Finished Boiling at one o clock P-M – Shortened Sail at – 5 P-M blows strong – plenty of whales around us - – Saw the Barque Rose this morning to the Eastward of us – 

Thursday June 26th

Strong breeze + squalls of fogg from the Northward & E. cruised to the N & W + S & E  Saw two whales in the morning - - 

Friday June 27th

Strong breeze + a heavy swell from the Northward made Sail at – 4 o clock A-M – Some fogg – took in Sail at – 8 o clock - - Made Sail again at 11 o clock . Wore  to the Eastward   Saw whales at 6 o clock going to the Eastward + Northward  quick – carried double reefed Top sails & fore sail. at Night. Not much fogg. Wind light

M40

June 28-July 4

SaturdayJune 28th

Moderate breeze from N with squalls of thick fogg. Saw whales. Took one very large one Mr. Holt got his boat stove all to pieces and lost his line. - The Bow Boat -got the whale. Afternoon some rain. - - Saw a ship to day

Sunday June 29th

All day cutting the whale, which was very large + fat; light breeze. Not very thick   saw several whales + lowered for them about 4 o clock -P-M. Breeze light at N

Monday June 30th fine weather

With a light breeze. lowered at -6 M. and and - took a large whale_. And cut In-in the afternoon.

TuesdayJuly 1st 1845

This day light breeze from the westward- and Thick + hazey.- See no whales this day

Wednsday July 2nd

Light breeze from the South +S.east with Rain Stowed down 140 bbls in the forehold- saw a whale-Breaching- sign of a Blow

Thursday July 3--

Commenced Blowing +Rainng heavy At 10 o clock -A-M-. Cooled down at 5 P-M saw- two whales- going to the Northward   Wind SSE heading -East  At night. Much rain and and strong breeze  with fogg.  Continued boilling through it all-

FridayJuly the 4th

The forenoon quite moderate with fogg. Boilling  +Stowing down. Afternoon ·Rain·in heavy, showers. Cooled down the works at 3 PM- At 6 o clock. moderates started the fire again At night some Rain + strong breeze from N-W.+ W. towards morning N+E. Blows strong + foggy - saw no whales yesterday

M41

July 5-July 10

Saturday July 5th 1845

The forenoon- Blows strong from the N & E- Ship heading East- finished boilling at noon. About 300  bbls. this fare - - Afternoon Moderates. At - sun set- clear. Wind N- W and light. Ship heading- N-N-E. At 1 o clock PM commenced- strong breeze continues all Night-- heading to the N & E.

Sunday July 6th

In the morning thick fogg + strong breeze at - N- W. Moderates at 8 AM  Saw several Whales. Lowered but- got nothing. Lowered- five times through the day. and no success. Stowed down 100 bbls of oil and chocked of the main hatch way   quite moderate through the day with some fogg-

Monday July 7th

Saw two whales but got Nothing   Saw a ship to the Northward   Steered to the westward most of the day With a light top galt breeze from N with much fogg--  At night most calm head to the N & W

Tuesday July 8th

Wind SE & S. With thick fogg + rain   Steered Westward. Saw two whales   Struck + killed one. Came on foggy. Had to cut + lost him  Heading Westward with a fresh breeze from SE   Shortened sail at 6- P- M-

Wednesday July 9th

Calm + foggy. Saw two Whales. Lowered + Chased-- going quick- saw them only twice Saw - plenty of fin Backs - - - -

Thursday July 10th

Saw- two ships  Spoke the ship. Walton of N-L 9 months out- 5 whales- saw her take a Blasted Whale along side. By her I recieved a letter from - Sister Fayerweather. foggy. most of the days- light breeze- steered to the Westward. 



M42

July 11-15

Friday July 11th 1845

Foggy all day made sail at 8 A.M. & steered W. by South two hours.—Lay with the main top sail aback untill  4 P.M. –Shortened sail—breeze very light from E-S-E. Saw nothing. Continues.  thick fogg all night.

Saturday July 12th

Light breeze from W.S.W. – Made sail at 10-c clock A.M. –Thick fogg –Saw several fin Backs –cruised to the N & W  – Shortened sail at 7 o clock P.M. – With a light breeze at SW heading W-N-W continues thick through the Night.

Sunday July 13th

The morning foggy. Made sail at 9 A.M. Steered to the N & W. at -10-A.M. kept  off to -- East with a steady breeze at S-W- Saw nothing but Fin Backs. – Shortened sail at -7 P.M. Got an obs. at Noon the first time for -8 days. Lat 47-34 N  Long. 157-50 E  the water quite green

Monday July 14th

Strong breeze from SSW through the Night and heavy fogg .-Continues to day] until noon. Made no sail – until  4 P.M.   wind hauls to W-S-W- & clears up for an hour. Made sail & steered E-N-E—Green water - & saw some Fin Backs at 6 o clock. Heavy fogg   Shortened sail at 7 o clock. Heading NW by N  moderate breeze. In the night wind shifts to N-W - -.

Tuesday July 15th

In the forenoon the wind is from N. and strong breeze. Steered E-N-E—saw several fin backs. Afternoon at 4 o clock tacked to the Westward  at 1 got into blue water. At 7 got into green again. Weather clear part of the day—At Night headed E-N-E. breeze quite light after 8 o clock—

Lat 47° 15’  Long 160°-15’ 

M43

July 17-20

Wednesday July 16th 1845

To day we have clear weather after 6 o clock AM - made sail at 4 ½ o clock and saw a Right Whale - the first since Tuesday the 8th - Light breeze from NN.W Saw plenty of Whales to day lowered six times . but got nothing Whales very shy and going quick to the S +W - Saw a Ship to the S-E - Whaleing - Shortened sail at 7 ½ o clock heading N-E. breeze light with a little thin fogg - double reefed top sails at night

Thursday July 17th -

This day we are one year from home + have only about one quarter of a cargo as yet -- Fine weather. Saw but one whale this day - Struck + saved him -+ cut him in by 8 o clock - PM . capt. D's Whale - breeze quite moderate at WS-W + N-W - com'cd boiling at 8 PM

Friday July 18th

To-day moderate breeze at W S W with some rain - Saw a Whale about ten A-M - and got him The Waist boat - Mr Lyons  - got him along side about Noon -- cut - in the head by sun set - With good weather - Saw three Whales to day --

Saturday July 19th -

To day we have very good weather with a moderate breeze from W-S-W - finished cutting at 9 o clock A-M .. At - 11 o clock made sail + Steered N-W - at - 5 P-M- Saw a Ship  - to the N+W Steering to the Southward - Saw no whales to day Shortened sail at 6 P-M - quite a light breeze through the night . headed to the N + W --

Sunday July 20th --

This day . Spoke the Ship Henry Thompson of N London 10 months out - 600 bbls + French Ship Elizabeth 1400 . bbls  -- Stowed down 150 bbs - to day - moderate breeze + thick Steered to the S + E 

M44

July 20-25

Continued from previous page

Saw two dead whales – At night blows strong with rain from the South & East – cooled the works down at Sun Set

Monday, July 21st, 1845

In the morning blows quite a gale with much rain & heavy swell From E.S.E. – At 9 A.M. moderates – Set the foresail and started the try works – The afternoon calm – with a heavy Swell from the S.E. – and no rain but foggy. Through the night blows strong from the N & W. Heading NW.

Tuesday, July 22nd

With a strong breeze & rugged weather from W-N-W. Heading to the Northward – and boiling.

Wednesday, July 23rd

To day quite a light whole sail breeze from S-W – Made sail in the forenoon and steered toward North – Saw two Ships to the N & E at 4 P.M. Spoke the Ship William Tell of Sag Harbour – with five whales this season – had been to the N & S but had not seen any whales for a long time – Squalls of thick fogg – through the day – Finished boiling at 7 P.M. – The 2 whales turned Up 225 bbls – Lat. at noon 50° 25'  Long 162° 22' E

Thursday, July 24th

This day strong breeze from W-S-W – Steered N-N-W – Saw many Hump Back whale and Fin Backs – but no Wright Whale  Noon spoke the Ship John Cockerill of Ha [these words are crossed out]- stowed down 150 bbls of oil in the after Hatch - - -

Friday, July 25th

This day moderate breeze at S.W.  Steered N-N-W – Saw three Ships – at Noon spoke ship John Cockerill of Havre  France – 11 months 600 bbls. At 7 P.M. come clost upon the ship Neptune of Copenhagen 19 months out 2400 bbls – fogg very thick – This ship left the Port of Petro Polaske yesterday and says we are only 25 miles from land – To night sold two casks of bread to the Neptune

M45

July 26-30

Saturday July 26th 1845

After speaking the Neptune and learning of him that there was no Whale in shore we made sail x headed to the S & E ---- To day thick fogg- and a moderate Breeze from South. At 11 o’clock AM spoke ship Splendid of Cold Spring with 6 Whales. Headed in shore – “gamed" with her untill 4 PM - - and stood on to the S & E or ESE. At 7 PM shortened sail- fogg thick

Sunday July 27th

Moderate breeze at S-S-W and thick fogg untill 2 PM   clears off - - made sail heading S-E saw many fin Backs  tacked   headed west   at sun set shortened sail – Night very clear commenced to Blow strong from S – W. 

Monday July 28th

Lay too all day. heading W N – W with a Strong gale from SW & clear. Saw two ships heading to the South + E under storm Sails – At sun set moderates   continues so through the Night.

Tuesday July 29th 

In the forenoon have a moderate breeze from S—W   Steered to the W + N at ten oclock   tacked ship & headed to the S+ E Saw a ship to the N steering to the S+E. Afternoon Strong breeze – and thick fogg – Some Rain   Shortened sail at – 7 PM. – At night Blows a gale.

Wednesday July 30th

In the morning blows a strong gale from S-W with thick fogg. Made sail at 10  O’clock AM. Moderates gradually – After Noon. Quite moderate but foggy. At sun set calm – and lights up. Saw nothing   Carry sail to night with and no wind    [latitude and longitude coordinates on last line crossed out "error"]

M46

July 31-August 4

Thursday July 31 – 1845

To day a moderate breeze from SW with spells of clear weather for two or three hours. Saw a Barque heading to the N & W - In the afternoon tacked to the N & W at – 7 ½ PM shortened sail.. continued fogg through the Night --. Lat at – Noon 50° - 54' Long 160° - 30'

Friday August 1st 1845

Made sail at 6 AM heading west with a light breeze at SSW – fogg through the day. In the afternoon comed a strong breeze at – SSE + rains - - Shortened sail at 5 PM. Saw Hump Backs – At night Blows Strong + continues to rain.

Saturday Aug 2nd

The forenoon Blows Strong with much rain from SSW – The Afternoon at 2 – O clock lights up – very little . Made sail heading W by S – rains  and blows & foggy until’ night. Shortened sail at – 8. PM + wore ship headed ESE, continues much the same through the night.

Sunday Aug 3

The forenoon is fogg + some rain. with a strong breeze At SSW. Afternoon clears off – made sail at half past one. Wind shifts to SW. Steered WNW. Shortened sail at sunset + headed S-S-E. Night quite moderate + clear.  - -- -- 

Monday Aug 4th

Have a steady whole sale breeze at  W-S-W Steered N-W Saw Several Hump Backs. + fin Backs . At . 9 AM saw the Land the coast of – Asia – near – [Kamskatka] + steered for the Land until sun set – saw – 6 ships – in shore. The sun sets clear + Beautifull. The Land Mountainous. + covered with snow. At  - night carried all sail + steered in shore Until one o clock – came in thick fogg  - - and we headed off shore - - 

M47

August 5-10

Tuesday Aug 5th 1845

The morning light breeze from N-S + Thicke fogg. - At ten o clock clears off. Partially saw the Land. + four ships steered for the Land - At night distant from the Land 15 miles headed of shore - north but a light breeze + calms

Wednsday aug 6th

In the forenoon clost in north the shore - within three miles - clear by spells with a light breeze at S.  Run the Land along. At 2 P.M. Entered the mouth of the Bay of Awatska and at 5 o clock anchored in the Roads of Petropolaska The Ship Josephene of Sag harbour - 2700 Galen of Warren 1800   30 months out - Julius Caesar [N-L] 1100  12 mo - + four french Whalers and - merchant Ship   Montreal - of Boston were Laying at anchor.

Thursday - aug 7th

In the forenoon had quite a blow from the N+E let go the second anchor - much Rain --- The afternoon moderate + pleasant -

Friday aug 8th

This day fine clear weather in the forenoon The afternoon Lowery + moderate breeze from S+E Each watch have a half days Liberty - and come of Drunk + fighting - got of + salted 450 Salmon makeing about 6 bbls - We have a fine view of the mountains which are covered with snow.

Saturday aug 9th

Fine pleasant weather with light air from the N+W + clear sky. got off 800 more Salmon + Salted them Night pleasant.

Sunday aug 10th

At 4 o clock AM the weather being fine with a light breeze from the N-W. Called all hand to get under way + go to Sea - in company with Ships Julius Ceasar - Galen + Josephene. At 2 PM cleared the Land with a good breeze + steered E-S-E - with the wind SSW   saw several hum Backs + lowered for one. "No go."

M48

August 11-15

Monday Aug 11 th1845

Blows a gale from S S W + foggy. Lay under short sail – heading S-E clear’d off at 11 AM made sail + steered NN E – Saw the Land in the afternoon + 4 ships – At 9 PM spoke ships – Caladonia - + Dromo 1600 bbls bound into Petropolaski  short sail  Land distant 40 miles -

Tuesday Aug 12 th

The finest weather I have seen for two months – with a light breeze from the westward – Saw 7 ships – spoke the ship Corinthian of Bristol R.I. 20 mo 2000 bbls – the capt come on board of us - afternoon steered N + saw some fin backs + hump backs and saw a barque to the Eastward boiling- shortened sail at sun set – the land distant N-W 40 miles –

Wednesday – Aug 13 th

This day fine weather kept the land in sight – with its snowey peaks towering above the clouds. – with a light breeze from the S + E steered along the land to the N + E saw the barque seen yesterday. Had some porpoises around the ship at Night. Imployed cleaning bone this day. Shortened sail at sun set – calm chased a hump back in the morning.

Thursday Aug 14th Made sail at 4 AM light air from the W -S W saw the Barque seen yesterday in shore of us 15 miles at 11 o clock got a light breeze from S-W + thick fogg in squalls. Steered to the Eastward with the Land in sight – at 4 P-M was off mount which is very high – The mountains are covered with snow all along this coast – at sun set shortened sail heading off shore S S – E.

Friday Aug 15 th

Made sail at 4 AM + steered N E with a moderate breeze from S S W – saw several hump backs and lowered for one – come on foggy – gave it up and kept on to the Eastward – saw 5 ships spoke the Levant of Sag Harbour boiling – same day spoke

Lat 55 N

M49

August 16-20

Ship Brighton – Saturday Aug 16th 1845

To day blows a moderate gale from SSE     Lay too all day – Saw - two ships  The Brighton Reports 1000 bbls 11-mo out & saw whales yesterday –

Sunday Aug 17th

In the morning spoke the ship Brighton again at – 8 – o clock – at 9 clears off   made sail with a light breeze heading WSW. In the afternoon – saw Two Wright Whales going quick to the S & W chased – them but to No purpose – These are the first we have seen since July 19th – at 8 oclock clears off   Saw the Land. Mount Krons Kamskatska beareing N 60 miles Distant covered with snow & very high.  At night headed off to the S & E with a very light breeze + thick fogg   at 7 ½ shortnd sail.

Monday Aug 18th

This day moderate airs + calmd + foggy   towards night quite good breeze  - Saw a Ship to the Southward – Saw no Wright Whales this day – Plyed to the S & E + SSW   --  Wind SSE Saw the Land in the afternoon – at night headed off to the Eastward under – short – sail at 7 ½ oclock

Tuesday Aug 19th

Moderate breeze x Thick Fogg from SSE Saw two whales and chased them – cruising 60 miles off S-E from Mount Kamskatska in Lat 55° N

Wednesday Aug 20th

This has been a fine clear + pleasant day with a light breeze from the N & W in the forenoon – chased Whales from half past 5 A-M until 1 -P M Got nothing – Saw several cruosed off  Mount Kamskatska  E-S-E Distant 60 Miles Saw a Ship to the S Steering to the N-E Lat – at – Noon 55° 24’ N

M50

August 21-25

Thursday aug 21st ‒ 1845 

This day weather with a moderate breeze from N-E to S-E. sailed to windward all day, but saw no whales ─ saw 6 ships off shore Mount Kamskatska bearing WNW 80 miles At night light breeze & foggy shortened sail at 7 o clock

Friday aug. 22nd  

Thick fogg &  light breeze until Noon ─ made sail &cruised N and E ─ saw one whale Lowered and got clost to him in company with the Boats of the Ship in company Willm  Lee of N─Port ─ with 400 bbls this season ─  saw 6 ships  ─  afternoon moderate breeze from -S- shortened sail at 7½ o clock-

Saturday aug 23

In the morning  ─ Light Air  - - calm and fogg. Saw several Wright whale at 10 o clock. lowered & struck one and saved him cut him in in the afternoon. Strong breeze from N. finished cutting Starboard boats whale at 6½ AM                    [Whale Stamp Northern Right Whale (Bowhead)]

Sunday aug 24th

Commenced sailing at 5 A.M. Weather moderate but cloudey & squalls of fog and wind ─ saw a ship to the N. chaseing whales. Made sail at 9-o- clock. Saw several Whales & lowered our boats twice in the afternoon ─ got nothing ─ wind strong from N. Saw the Land bareing NNW 80 miles distant. Shortened sail at 7-o-clock heading East. Lat at Noon 55◦ - 12’ N 

Monday aug 25th

Moderate breeze & squalls of thick fogg from N Saw three ships [(at 6 o clock am  lowered and chased two whales) Saw plenty of fin Backs words crossed out]. Saw one ship Supposed the Nantasket. At night carried sail wirth a light breeze from W-N-W At 9 AM shifts to N & freshens with foggy squalls

M51

August 26-30

Tuesday aug st 26 th 1845

This  day  strong breeze . from  N – E  .  headed to the N + W - Shortened Sail at 7 o – clock AM  Saw – three Ships – Finished Boiling at 1 PM turned up 100 bbls – at night moderated.

Wednesday aug st 27 th  1845

This day commences with rain fogg & Strong breeze from N- N- E at - 8 o clock - AM –moderates   commenced storming down – made sail – Saw one ship - & several fin Backs . finished stowing at 5 PM – Blowing Strong . Shortened Sail Stowed in the after Hatch – Starboard Side – Night – thick fogg & Rain –

Thursday – aug st 28 th 1845

The forenoon moderate breeze - from N N-E cruised to the – E & N–W . made sail at- 6 - AM – Afternoon at 4 o clock Saw the Land – At 5  Blows  - strong & foggy - at 6 – shortened Sail – heading E by – N – Larboard  tacked  aboard

Friday aug st 29 th 1845

The forenoon foggy & Rain Squalls with a moderate breeze from N-N-E made sail at 10 - o clock A-M. heading N-W --- The Afternoon quite good weather with a moderate breeze - Saw the Land at - 3 o clock PM bearing - N-W . At Night the wind light with clear weather . The wind shifts to S - W. Steered - N.

Saturday aug st 30 th 1845

This day fine clear weather & a light breeze from . SW steered to the N & E . Saw 5 ships & several whale chased three - got nothing At sun set sail spoke Ships Midas of N- B- saw two ships take whales & cutting – heard from the Louvre 1500 – Chas Phelps 4 Whale  Dromo 1300 Corvo 1500 – Saw same day Barque RichmondProvidence – Midas Reports the – Hopewell & Luminary to windward With whales—At sun set  shortened sail off mount Kamskatska

M52

August 31-September 4

 Sunday August 31st 1845

Great sucsess today.In the morning ; calm. Saw two Whales and lowered for them at-7 o-clock..got none. At -9 o clock Lowered for three more in company with the boat of -Ship Midas got none,half past 9 -lowered with a light breeze from N W. Three whales 2 miles to  windward. pulled up and struck two very Large- After noon calm until 3 oclock-killed the two whales I got them along side at 5 PM comcd cutting  calm during the night-Six ships in sight-At 3 o clock AM had a little rain

  Monday Sept 1 1845

comcd cutting at -5 AM calm all day saw several ships + some whales-two ships boiling-calm at night finished cutting at 1 o clock PM  comcd boiling at 10 PM  whales very fat + both cows -at 3 AM a little rain - 

 Tuesday Sept 2nd 1845

At daylight in the morning calm Saw 6 ships + 3 Boiling

Wednesday Sept 3rd

Fine pleasant weather and a gentle breeze from NNE -early in the morning lowered and struck a whale-held on to him 3 hours-I had to cut from him—he got cunning and would not let a boat haul up to  him before he would go down-  in the afternoon run-in close to the land to the Southward of the Bay.  Saw two more whales three ships not far off At night had fine clear weather and a light breeze-steered to the N +E. close in to the land.

Thursday Sept 4

Beautiful weather and a light breeze-spoke Ship Jefferson.Capt. Harris-12 ½ months out 1100 bbls Has not got a whale for two months-stowed down to day 140 bbls in the fore hold-Afternoon- Capt. Destin got stoven by a whale but did not

M53

September 5-10

Friday Sept 5th 1845

Last night.  Sto[od] off shore—with a moderate breeze From SSE -&-S. To day thick fogg in the morn ing- since 10 o clock.  Shortened sail at 5 AM heading ESE continues blowing & fogg through the day.__At 11 o clock  PM clears off and moderates.  

                                                                               Saturday Sept 6th  845

Fine weather with a light breeze from the Northward Steered West N W - stowed down. 120 bbls of oil   chased Whales -  but got nothing - Saw one ship Just at night- clost in to the Land - at Sun set headed off Shore & shortened sail__

                                                                             Sunday Sept 7th  1848

Light breeze with but little fogg  Chased Whales — 5 times to day and got nothing   Spoke Ship Italy Sag Harbour 100 bbls finished boiling at 1 o clock PM the two whales taken last Sunday turned up  400 bbls—Saw six ships to day and spoke the ship Brighton's boats -one whale since we spoke them last- at night Headed in Shore—wind light at SSE.

                                                         Monday Sept 8th

Calm & pleasant    Stowed down 180 bbls of oil to day.Chased.  Whales. Twice,  got none The head of the bay. Ten miles off. Saw several ships. At night light air from N W steered- E- N- E.

                                                 Tuesday Sept 9th 1848

This day good whole sail breeze. Saw one whale  Saw several ships- Afternoon spoke & “gamed" with the Jefferson - At night Thick weather with a strong breeze at East with rain   carried double reefed top sails—heading SSE & NNE.

                                            Wednesday Sept 10th 1848

Strong breeze and bad rainey thick weather steered S-E- wind E-N- E- saw one ship No whales seen this day

M54

September 11-15

Thursday, Sept 11th 1845

Moderate breeze-Run in for the Land. At 4  PM clost in to the S-W head of the Bay  towards night calm   Chased Whales- got none   10 o clock. light air from the S-Steered N. until 3 AM- then N-N W   fine clear weather & good breeze- saw two Ships boiling.

Friday, Sept 12th

Fine clear weather forenoon calm. 5 Ships in sight & two a boiling. In the afternoon I saw plentyof Whales & chased three times No sucsess   run Well into the Bay- Shortened sail at Sun set & headed off shore   Saw the Jefferson chasing  Whales  Night moderate.

Saturday, Sept 13th

Strong breeze from  the S &SE  Run in towards the west part of the Bay. I saw two whales chased one- Afternoon I stood off shore. breeze light at E&NE&N. Steered N. Rain & thick weather- at 7 o’clock. Shortened sail. Night clear & pleasant- Saw two Ships Boiling also saw the Jefferson in the morning running off-

Sunday, Sept 14th

Fine clear weather with a light breeze.Saw 4 Ships - 3 to the North& East & the Jefferson to the Westward chasing Whales. passed near us.  Steering to the N&E- Afternoon saw plenty of Whales. near the Land  got fast to one and capt. D Lost  his line. at Sunset headed off E-S-E & shortened sail. Night moderate & clear weather. Lat at noon by  obs 56˚ 13’ N

Monday Sept 15th

This day have fine weather. Run in towards the Land at the west part of the bay. Within about 10 miles of the shore I saw one Whale & chased him- Lost sight of him & came on board tacked Ship & stood off to the N&E until Sun set. Saw three ships to the eastward. Shortened sail

M55

September 16-20

Tuesday September 16, 1845

             This day have fine light and pleasant weather Made sail at 5 oclock AM Lowered for a whale at half past 5 going quick   chased One hour and gave him up. Steered to the N & E Saw six ships – three boiling.  Afternoon saw More whales – chased one – At sun set spoke Ship Jefferson – had got nothing   breeze light at S&W off the North head of the bay Distant from The land 15 miles at night steered NE  Carried sail.

                         Wednesday September 17, 1845

Fine and clear weather breeze very light at the Northward   Saw 4 ships boiling and three not boiling    Saw several whales & chased Three times   No sucsess   afternoon saw the Jefferson take a whale. At  night calms and light air. Steered to the East.

                         Thursday September 18, 1845

Fine weather steered to the N & W. Saw numbers of fin & hump backs Afternoon moderate Breeze. Steered in for the land. Saw two ships cutting.  At 3 o’clock Lowered and took a whale  At night lay by the whale. Strong breeze & clear.

                        Friday September 19, 1845

In the morning have a strong breeze.  Could not cut.  At 8 o’clock moderates commenced cutting. At ten o’clock spoke Ship Jefferson & Ship Brighton both boiling Finished cutting At sun set   Night clear and pleasant breeze light Steered W N W  and commenced boiling at 6 o’clock.

                      Saturday September 20, 1845

In the forenoon calm At 8 oclock A.M.  Saw 4 whales.  Lowered & struck and killed two  At 4 PM got one alongside. Sprung up  A breeze and could not get the other one to the Ship  At night strong breeze from the N W   Lay by the Whale In two boats all night Very cold But clear    At 10 oclock PM Ship to leeward  5 miles.  

   

M56

September 21-25

Sunday Sept 21st 1845

This day, fine weather.  At day light in the morning could not see the Ship from the Boats.  at sun[rise] a half hour high - Let go of the Whale & run to leeward for the Ship. Run an hour & saw her distant 15 miles.  Got on board at 10-oclock.  Wet cold & tired.  Spoke to day Ships Brighton 1400, Ann & Susan Helvetia 1500, Midas 1200.  Afternoon cut in the Whale saved. Calm. Night pleasant.

Monday Sept 22nd

This day, fine clear pleasant weather with a light breeze from the S&W.  Steered to the N.  Stowed down 180 bbls of oil.  This day felt the Shock of an Earth quake.  At night pleasant & clear.  Steered to the N-.

Tuesday Sept 23rd

To day light airs & calm.  Spoke the ship Midas of NB and got the craft out of the Whale that we lost and they got the same day and was a boiling.  Spoke to day Barque Richmond of Providence RI 1400 bbls, also Ship Brighton and Ship Lucy Ann of Green Port LI  1000, several other ships in sight.   Saw no Whales   cruised to the N.

Wednesday Sept 24th

Fine weather.  Saw several Whales + lowered twice.  No sucsess. Several ships in sight - Stowed down 100 bbls after Hatch. – finished Boiling at 4-o’clock PM.  Cruised to the Southward – breeze moderate.

Thursday Sept 25th

Fine pleasant weather and a light breeze from the S&W.  Stood in near the land and went on Shore with two Boats.  Saw one Whale.  Near night - Cruised to the Southward Saw 3 Ships off Shore.

M57

September 26-30

Friday Sept. 26th 1845

Fine pleasant weather – and calm.  Saw & chased two whales.  did not get hold of them.  Saw three ships off shore to-day near the land.  Distant 12 miles.  Cruised to the south at night carry sail.

Saturday Sept. 27th

In the morning calm.  At 10 o clock AM light breeze at N.  Saw some fin Backs.  Also two ships to the northward.  Afternoon moderate breeze to the Eastward.  Steered W S W .  Saw one whale going quick to the N.  Lowered for him but to no purpose.  Steered S S E   Distant from the land 30 miles.  Off the North head of the Bay  At night light breezes & calm.   Carried moderate sail heading to the southward  

Sunday Sept. 28th

In the morning quite a light breeze from E S E.  Made all sail at day light & steered S.  At 9 AM strong breeze.  Tacked & headed E N E.  Saw two whales at noon   Weather getting Bad.   did not Lower our boats.  Blows fresh.  Steered N E  Wind E S E.  trying to clear the land.  At 4 PM double Reefed the topsails.  At 6 wore ship headed to the S S E.  Night blows strong & the sea rough.  

Monday Sept. 29th

At day light in the morning took in all sail but storm sails.  Continues blowing all day.  At night moderates.  Saw the South head of the Bay.  distant 40 miles bearing W S W   Saw no whales this day.  

Tuesday Sept. 30th

At day light in the morning made sail and stood in towards the land to the southward of the Bay.  Stowed down 40 bbls of oil.  At noon within 15 miles of the land which is covered with snow which has fallen in the last two days.  Blows strong and is cold.   Saw no Whight Whales to day

M58

October 1-7

Wednesday October 1st,1845

At day light make all sail – Wind light in Squalls – all. around the compass – afternoon steered to the S and W – wind a gentle breeze from - East – distant from the land 30 miles at noon lowered – the boats and chased a Hump Back – At sun set shortened sail. Distant from the land 60 miles - Saw no Wright Whales this day. 

Thursday October 2nd

At day light made sail with a strong breeze and squall from N-E-steered South Saw a Barque laying too – and afterwards saw her keep off and steer S-W. At sun set Blowing a strong gale hove too for the Night. Weather bad – and rainey - 

Friday October 3rd

At day light – kept off – Weather more moderate steered S by E - afternoon quite moderate steered S S W under all sail wind N – carried sail through the night – Bound–off- the Ground – wind North 

Saturday October 4th

Moderate through the day with a whole sail breeze at E-S-E & NE & E -steered SW & WSW and S by W+S   At Night. Blows a gale and heavy rain from E-S-E   at 2 Am cleared off and the wind shifted to SW and moderates Wore ship and headed S-S-E 

Sunday October 5th

At 6 AM made sail and steered E-S-E with a strong breeze at SW and clear – afternoon hazey  -At night clear and quite moderate Steered East carrieng all sail

Monday Oct 6th

The forenoon moderate and a steady breeze at S   Steered East by S. Afternoon squalley reduced sail At night wind shifted to SW made all sail Steered SE Strong breeze

Tuesday Oct 7th

Strong breeze at W steered E-S-E carrying all sail Lat by obs 46˚ 20' Long.

M59

October 9-November 3

Thursday Oct. 9th 1845

This day + yesterday fine pleasant weather with a light breeze from West.  Course S.E. by East.  Lat. - at noon 42° 55 N

Friday Oct. 10th

This day have a strong breeze from South steered East    at Night.  Blows a gale with rain. Lay too. 

Saturday Oct. 11th

The gale raged until  11 oclock AM then died away + shifted to NW leaving a heavy swell + clear weather steered E by S

Sunday Oct. 12th

Fine weather with a light breeze at SW   at 1 oclock PM had a squall of wind and rain with a shift of wind to West.  Steering S by E.

Friday Oct. 31st 1845

At day light A.M. the isleand of Moui "all high" distant 15 miles closely inveloped in a thick cloud + fogg.  With a strong trade wind doubled the west Cape by 9 o-clock + got becalmed.  down boats and towed in to the Anchorage about 3 PM. 35 Ships + Barques then in Port. At Lahaina 

Saturday Nov. 1st 1845

Fine light weather – one watch  Liberty on Shore. Sailed Ship Helen of Sag Harbour for home with 4500 bbls of oil   by her. I wrote to my wife. Also on a cruise Henry Thompson Com  Pery + Ninus - Ohio + others

Sunday Nov. 2nd

Fine weather. Larboard watch liberty on shore.

Monday 3  Imployed today getting off potatoes + landing fish etc etc

M60

November 4-11

 Tuesday Nov 4th  AD 1845

At sun rise got under weigh bound down to Oahu.  breeze light & calm  made slow progress  Sent a letter to Olive by the Brig Bull

                        Wednesday Nov 5th

Light air and calm from the westward   the Shipping in sight at Lahaina  I landed on the Isleand of Molokai and sold a barrel of oil For 9 barrels of sweet potatoes At night took A fine breeze from N and arrived off Diamond Head at 2 o clock A M

                         Thursday Nov. 6th

At 9 o clock  A M came to Anchor in the outer roads of Honolulu   Arrived same time Ship Columbia Kelley of N London 2400 bbls.

                        Friday Nov 7th

Outer roads of Honolulu arrived Ship Jefferson Harris N London 1500 Whale Sailed Caladonia for home Sent a letter by her to Matilda Thompson by George Thompson 

                      Saturday Nov 8th

At sunrise got under weigh stood in to The iner harbour got moored inside by 9 o clock A M sailed Ship Calafornia of + for New Bedford 30 months out 3100 bbls of Sperm come in same time Ship Columbia - Starboard watch - Shore on Liberty  Found about 30 Sail at this port

                      Sunday Nov 9th

I have the pleasure and privilege of attending church - In the morning the native (Kings chappel) church And also at 11 o clock the Seaman’s chapel   In the afternoon visited the Nuanua Cemitery   In the evening attended service at the Seaman’s Chapel again.

                         Tuesday Nov 10th 11th

I attended the Lecture at the S Chapel in the eve 


M61

November 16-December 30

Sunday Nov. 16th 1845

During the week we had watch and watch alternately on shore and painted Ship and got off our water.  Two men have been discharged and one ran away. Ships have continued to Arrive and sail.  this Morning    The U.S. Frigate Constitution arrived and anchored in the outer roads. 50 days from Canton.  Sailed to day Ship Hannibal for N. London by which I send Letters. In the evening went and saw several men who belong to the States brig  Gardner Shields Anderson + others.

Wednesday 19th

This morning at 5 o clock the steward ran away, At Noon got under weigh and came out to sea.  the capt. remained to finish his business. at 5 PM the boat came off with one man missing. the capt. remained all night we Lay off and on all night.

Thursday Nov. 20th

At 9 o clock AM Boat went in and brought off the capt. and the missing man.  Made sail + steered South with a steady breeze at NE etc etc

Sunday  Nov. 23

Continues fine pleasant weather and light trade winds. Steered Southerly.

Tuesday December 30th

This day had some words with the chief mate who made complaint to the capt. and I was ordered below off duty.

Since November the 23rd we have cruised Southerly + Westerly to the line in a Long 160° W and from thence Northerly + Westerly to Lat 14° and thence Westerly. to day in 164° East Long. + steering WSW with fine weather.  coopering provisions